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Abat Baytak Mausoleum

Architectural monuments of Aktobe region -

Excursion to the mausoleum of Abat Baytak -

Abat Baytak is a mausoleum, an architectural monument of the XIV century, a sacred sacred place, a place of pilgrimage in the Aktobe region. The mausoleum is an unusual structure built of red brick topped with a pointed dome, the building has a portal entrance built in the form of an arch. The mausoleum is surrounded by the Kazakh steppe, especially beautiful here in spring and early summer, when the nature of the region blooms.

How to get there, visit -

The mausoleum of Abat Baitak is located 12 kilometers from the village of Taldysai, Kobdinsky district, Aktobe region, South Kazakhstan. GPS coordinates: 50°05'43"N 55°54'28"E

Information -

The mausoleum of Abat Baytak is part of the local necropolis, an ancient cemetery is located here, the cemetery consists of various memorial buildings, differing in architectural planning and artistic design. In the center of the cemetery is the mausoleum of Abat Baytak, measuring 9.52×9.8 meters, consisting of two parts, an 11-sided shape and a conical dome. The mausoleum is built of baked bricks. Masonry bricks were used on the internal masonry floors. Next to the mausoleum there is another mausoleum of the XVIII century made of adobe bricks, similar to the mausoleum of Abat Baytak. It is popularly called the maiden burial or the mausoleum of the Holy Virgin.

To the west of the mausoleum of Abat Baytak there are 200 tombstones built in the XVIII-XX centuries, decorated with carved steles. Tombstones are distinguished by a variety of compositional and decorative solutions. Meanwhile, the tombstone, built in 1848, impresses with its chisel craftsmanship. Some volumetric and decorative elements are made by the method of wood carving. The tombstone, carved from sandstone blocks in 1893, belongs to a rare species. An Arabic graphic inscription tombstone and tamga is engraved on the Abat-Baytak monument in Kazakh.

History -

The mausoleum of Abat-Baytak was first mentioned in the XVIII century by engineer Rigelman. In his sources and those of historian P. I. Rychkov, the mausoleum was called "Baytan". The monument is fully illustrated by members of the Orenburg Scientific Archival Commission Ya. Ya. Polferov and scientist Joseph Castagne. In later times, the monument was finally destroyed, and its importance for scientific research was lost. Only in the early 1980s, as part of the expedition of the Minister of Culture of Kazakhstan, archaeologist Serik Azhigaliyev rediscovered it in practice. In 1982, the cemetery and mausoleums on its territory were included in the list of historical and cultural monuments of national importance, and the state took it under its protection. After the research, the reconstruction of the Abat-Baytak mausoleum began. Money has been allocated from the state budget for this purpose.

The mausoleum of Abat Baytak in Aktobe region


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