Aralsk city in Kyzyl Orda province and region Kazakhstan Republic.
Aralsk is a Kazakhstan city located in the Kyzylorda region. It is the administrative center of the Aral region.
The city is located on a hilly-flat terrain with a slope to the Aral Sea. The eastern part of these lands is lumpy-cellular sands with shrubs. There are no permanent rivers. During the period when snow melts and spring rains, there is water in the drying rivers and ravines. In the south is Big Saryshygansk - the Gulf of the Aral Sea, which has practically dried up. The vegetation of this region is desert and semi-desert, mainly consists of grasses (wormwood, feather grass) and shrubs. There is also a camel thorn everywhere. There is practically no greenery in the city, only elm elms grow. The climate is sharply continental. Droughts are not uncommon here. Fluctuations in daily and seasonal temperatures are significant. The average annual temperature is approximately +8.8 C °
The houses of the city are mostly single-story, in the center - two-story. Mostly these are stone and adobe buildings. The main thoroughfares of the city are asphalted, the rest are covered with gravel.
History Aralsk city.
The history of the city dates back to 1905, when Aralsk was founded as a village at the Aral Sea railway station. At the beginning of the 20th century, merchants from Russia organized large fishing unions here and laid the foundation for industrial fishing. Ship workshops, organizations serving stations and tracks were created. For several decades, fisheries have been the main occupation of the local population. The peak of economic development was achieved in the seventies. After that, the level of the Aral Sea began to decline sharply, which led to a decline in the fishing industry. In the 1990s, this area was declared a zone of environmental disaster. The unemployment rate has increased, the outflow of the population to other cities, such as Baikonur, has increased. In 2005, a dam was built to improve the environmental situation in the Aral Sea. Nowadays, fishing in the area is reviving, there are new organizations for the manufacture of boats.