Karaganda region, Kazakhstan.
Adventure programs in Karaganda region.
Karaganda region is a region in the central part of Kazakhstan. The climate is sharply continental and extremely arid. The region occupies the most elevated part of the Kazakh small hills - Saryarka.
Information about Karaganda region.
Currently, the Karaganda region is the largest in terms of territory and industrial potential, rich in minerals and raw materials. The territory of the region within the new borders is 427 982 km² (15.7% of the total area of Kazakhstan), occupies 49th place in the list of the largest administrative units of the first level in the world. Almost a tenth of the total population of Kazakhstan lives in the region.
In the north it borders with the Akmola region, in the northeast - with Pavlodar, in the east - with East Kazakhstan, in the southeast - with Almaty, in the south - with Zhambyl, Turkestan and Kyzylorda, in the west - with Aktobe and north- in the west - with Kostanay.
Relief of Karaganda region.
The region occupies the most elevated part of the Kazakh small hills - Saryarka, which is a peculiar, very heterogeneous in geomorphological terms, highly elevated territory (absolute height 400-1000 m). The relief is complicated by shallow depressions, river valleys, dry channels of watercourses, hollows with access to the surface of groundwater, drainless hollows, lake basins, steppe saucers. A characteristic feature of the territory is the outcrops of dense rocks in the form of rocks, rocky piles and placers, strongly dissected and chaotic in relief. The small hills were formed in the process of long continental development, which lasted from the middle of the Paleozoic to the present, due to the intense destruction and denudation of Precambrian, Paleozoic and later tectonic formations. Denudation processes turned mountains into low mountains, into vast ancient peneplains by insular mountain ranges composed of rocks most resistant to destruction. The Cenozoic-Mesozoic penoplen experienced repeated weak epeirogenic movements. Foaming processes and partly neotectonic uplifts led to the emergence and revival of wide, aligned main watersheds of the region with low mountain massifs and small hills: in the south of Balkhash-Irtysh, in the south-west of Sarysu-Tengiz, in the north of Ishimo-Irtysh. Various denudation forms of small hills differ in the nature of rocks and their occurrence. Thus, granites have rocky, serrated, spherical or mattress-like weathering forms, for linearly elongated strata of sandstones, limestones and schists, ridges and ridges are characteristic, for secondary quartzites - sharp peaks (shocks). Suffusive depressions and deflationary depressions with drying lakes are widespread on the surface of accumulative plains. The morphology of river valleys is largely associated with climatic and landscape conditions.
History of Karaganda region.
The Karaganda region was formed on March 10, 1932 as part of the Kazakh Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Initially, its regional center was the city of Petropavlovsk. On July 29, 1936, the North Kazakhstan Region stood out from it as part of 25 districts. Since August 3, 1936 the regional center is located in Karaganda. Since December 5, 1936, the region was part of the Kazakh SSR.
By the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of October 14, 1939, the city of Akmolinsk, as well as Akmola, Vishnevsky, Novocherkassk and Erkenshilik districts were transferred to the newly formed Akmola region.
In 1973, its southern part was separated from the Karaganda region and the Zhezkazgan (Zhezkazgan) region was formed.
Within modern borders, the region was formed in May 1997 (Zhezkazgan region was annexed).
Main mineral resources of Karaganda region.
Large reserves of gold, molybdenum, zinc, lead, manganese, and tungsten are concentrated in the region. Enormous coal reserves (Karaganda coal basin), successfully developed deposits of iron and polymetallic ores are worth adding here. Deposits of asbestos, optical quartz, marble, granite, precious and ornamental stones, copper, oil, gas.
The Karaganda coal basin is the main supplier of coking coal for enterprises of the country's metallurgical industry. The main reserves of copper ore are located in the Zhezkazgan - Zhezkazgan field, the largest developer (with a full production cycle: from copper ore mining to finished goods production) is Kazakhmys Corporation LLP. In 2009, the development of the Zhalyn coal deposit in the Zhanaarka district began.