Korgalzhyn nature reserve in Akmola region, Kazakhstan.
Travel and photo tour to Korgalzhynsky reserve.
Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve is one of the largest nature reserves in the Republic of Kazakhstan, created on April 16, 1968 in the Korgalzhyn district of Akmola region. The reserve has the status of a legal entity and is aimed at preserving and studying natural processes, unique ecosystems, biological diversity and genetic resources of flora and fauna in the state and development of nature. For this, the Decree of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR No. 214 was organized. The protected area is 543,171 ha, the protected area is 89,360 ha, and the total area is 632,531 ha. The area of the land plot is 258.9 thousand ha (2003). The reserve has 123 large and small open lakes. Among them are the famous large and small lakes Tengiz, Kerey, Kipchak, Korgalzhyn, Esei, Sultankeldy, Kokai, Asaubalyk, Zhamankol, Zhabay, Tabankazy, large and small Karakol, Manat, Subergen, Toktamis, Bazar, Sary and Kyzyl. Many of these lakes are irrigated by the famous rivers Nura, Kulanotpes, Kon, Zhaman Kon, Jacques Kon. In particular, it maintains the hydrological regime of the Tengiz lakes. The Tengiz-Korgalzhyn lakes system is located at the intersection of migratory birds Central Asia-India and Siberia-East Africa.
Information Korgalzhyn reserve.
The Tengiz-Korgalzhyn Lake System is one of the most important wetlands for migratory birds in Kazakhstan and throughout Asia. The biodiversity of this area is unique. Among them, 443 species of plant flora of 60 genera, which make up four parts of the flora of small hills of Kazakhstan, and 1,400 species of aquatic and terrestrial animals. There are 347 bird species in the reserve, including 126 nesting birds, 41 bird species are included in the Red Book of Kazakhstan, and 26 species are included in the International Red Book. In the system of Tengiz-Korgalzhyn Lake, there are 112 species of wetland birds, which is from 87% to 130% of all known in Kazakhstan. The reserve has 42 species of mammals and 14 species of fish. Insects have not been fully studied, although 700 species have been identified, but their species diversity can reach 5,000. There are more than 60 species of rare animals and plants listed in the Red Books of the International Union for
Conservation of Nature and the Republic of Kazakhstan
Red Flamingos Korgalzhynsky reserve.
Flamingos nest and lay eggs in Kazakhstan only on Lake Tengiz. When the pink ones fly onto the lake, the whole lake burns with a red flame. That is why it is sometimes called "Kyzylkanat". In the 1960s, the number of flamingos in the reserve was about 45-60 thousand, and in the 2000s, only 10-15 thousand. Currently, the nature of ecotourism is developing in the reserve.
History of the Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve.
Korgalzhyn-Tengiz region is one of the regions of the Kazakh steppe, including the land of Arka, where amazing nature, ancient history and national culture are combined. The idea of creating a specially protected natural area to preserve the nature of this region arose long ago. The history of the Korgalzhyn Reserve dates back to the times of mass development of virgin lands in the northern and central regions of Kazakhstan. In 1957, with the support of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR proposed the creation of a nature reserve based on the Tengiz-Korgalzhyn lakes system, since the massive development of virgin lands made it necessary to urgently conserve some sections of the steppe. In the same year, by the decision of the Executive Committee of the Akmola region, Lake Tengiz was declared a hunting estate for five years. In January 1958, a branch of the Borovsky State Forestry was established on Korgalzhyn Lake. In May 1958, by a resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR, the Korgalzhyn Steppe Reserve was created along Korgalzhyn Lake and the Kulanotpes River, with an area of 15 thousand. Since then, the number of animals and birds in the Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve has increased, dozens of fish species have grown and become known outside of Kazakhstan . If we look at the life of the reserve for the next half century, we can proudly say that in October 1976, the Korgalzhinsky State Nature Reserve was included in the list of wetlands of the international category “A” under the Ramsar Convention. In July 2000, the Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve was included in the World Lakes Network. In July 2008, the Korgalzhyn State Nature Reserve was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Flora Korgalzhynsky reserve.
The flora of the reserve consists of 443 species of flowering plants. There are no trees, but there are 12 species of shrubs. In the steppe, there are sometimes caragans and hillocks. Korgalzhyn Reserve protects 45 species of rare plants. Among them are Schrenk tulips, two-color tulips listed in the Red Book of Kazakhstan, blue onions, Ural licorice, sand almonds, medicinal marshmallow, black wormwood, Akmiya, bosas and a steppe tent. The biodiversity of the reserve is unique. It consists of 443 flora plants and a quarter of the Kazakh flora -60 genera. The reserve has identified more than 60 rare plant species listed in the Red Book. The Red Book of Kazakhstan includes 5 types of plants: tulip shrenk, pale tulip, daffodil, orange beaver, pale beaver. Schrenk tulips are of great importance as a reserve material for the selection fund. This species has large flowers and a wide variety - from white-yellow to light red and dark blue to bright red. This species is the founder of the first varieties of tulips grown in Holland in the 16th century.
Animal World Korgalzhyn Reserve.
In the reserve you can find 354 species of birds, including 126 species of nesting birds. The Red Book of Kazakhstan includes 41 species of birds, and the International Red Book includes 26 species. Thanks to these birds, the reserve has gained international importance. Korgalzhyn fauna is typical for steppe and semi-desert regions. There are 41 species of mammals, 6 species of reptiles, 2 species of amphibians and 11 species of fish. The invertebrate fauna of the reserve has not been studied at all. The reserve has 300 species of beetles. Korgalzhyn lakes - a paradise for fishermen. Goldfish, grayling, pike, perch, and perch live here. There are 8 main areas of bird migration. The river system in Korgalzhyn with a total area of 260 thousand hectares is the most important wetland for birds in Central Asia. The river system in Korgalzhyn is the most remote in the north of the world for pink flamingos and other rare endangered birds: ospreys, cranes, hawks and falcons. The reserve is home to 294 species of birds and 17 species of fish. There are also 41 species of mammals. This is 26% of all mammals in Kazakhstan. Lake Tengiz is the northernmost nesting place for pink flamingos.
Lake Tengiz Sea Lake Korgalzhyn Nature Reserve.
The lake is very salty (salinity 3-12.7 g / m3). Area 1590 km2; It is 75 km long, 40 km wide and 8 m in depth. For the first time in the history of Soviet astronautics, the Soyuz-23 spacecraft landed on a lake at a temperature of 20 degrees Celsius (this happened on October 16, 1976. It was commanded by Vyacheslav Dmitrievich Zudov and flight engineer Valery Ilyich Rozhdestvensky). The astronauts were in the spacecraft for 12 hours.