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Talas river in jambyl region, Kazakhstan.


Rafting and travel Talas river.

Talas is a river flowing through the territory of Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. The length of the river is 661 km, the catchment area is 52,700 km².

Description Talas river.

The river’s food is glacial and snowy. It is formed from the confluence of the Karakol and Uch-Koshoy rivers, originating in the glaciers of the Talas ridge of Kyrgyzstan. On its way, the Talas River receives many tributaries, of which the fullest flowing: Urmaral, Kara-Buura, Kumushtak, Kalba, Besh-Tash. In the lower reaches, the river is lost in the sands of Moyynkum.
On the left bank of the river is the administrative center of the Talas region of Kyrgyzstan, Talas, and downstream - the administrative center of the Zhambyl region of Kazakhstan, Taraz.
On the river there are hydroelectric facilities Talas, Temirbek, Zhiembet and Uyuk. Also on the river is the Kirov reservoir. High water occurs from late April to early September. The average water discharge in the upper reaches (555 km from the mouth) 15.7 m³ / s, above the city of Taraz (444 km from the mouth) 27.4 m³ / s.
There is a left tributary - the Asa River.

Historical information Talas river.

In 36 B.C. e. in the Talas Valley, under the walls of the Zhizhicheng Fortress, a battle took place between the Hunnu troops led by Zhizhi-shanyu and the troops of Han China. The battle ended in the capture of the fortress and the death of Zhizhi-shanyu.
In 400 years, near this river in the territories of the modern Kazakh city of Taraz, there was a city called “Tolosa”. The Chinese monk Xuanzang mentions him. Tolosa when translated from Tochar means "Abode of the Azes" (Azy-Turkic tribe). From there the name of the river came.

In 751, near present-day Taraz, a battle took place on Talas, in which the cavalry of the Abbasid caliphate, the forces of the Turgeshs and Karluks completely defeated the army of Tang China. The decisive role in the battle was played by the sudden blow of the Karluk riders to the rear of the Chinese. Because of this historic victory over the Chinese, the Arabs, who won exclusively thanks to the intervention of the Karluks, suspended their expansion into the lands of the Turks, although they gave impetus to the spread of Islam there over the next centuries, the Karluks formed the Karluk Khanate, and the Uighurs restored their independence in East Turkestan. In addition, Chinese expansion in this region no longer resumed until the 18th century.

In 1269, the Kurultai of the Mongol princes gathered in the Talas valley, on which the boundaries of their lands were determined.
In the valley of Talas there are archaeological sites with ancient Turkic inscriptions.