Kazakhstan Altai region, Russian Altai, Asian Altai.
Excursions and tours in the mountainous Republic of Kazakhstan-Altai.
Altai Republic (Russian Altai Republic / Respublika Altai, Altai Republic Altai) - not to be confused with the neighboring larger Altai region in the northwest - it is a republic in the Asian part of Russia.
Guide in Kazakhstan-Altai geography.
The republic is located in the southwest of Siberia in the north of the Altai Mountains (Russian or High Altai). It shares borders with Kazakhstan, China and Mongolia. Due to its picturesque location in the mountains with many lakes and rivers, the region was named "Russian Tibet". In the Belucha massif, the mountains on the border with Kazakhstan reach a height of 4506 m.Two source rivers of the Ob originate in the republic: the Katun, flowing from the glacier of the same name on the southwestern coast of Belukha, and Biya, flowing from Lake Teletskoye, one of the deepest lakes in Russia.
The climate of the Altai Republic can be classified as moderately continental. Summer in Altai is usually short and hot, and winters are long and very cold.
Kazakhstan-Altai - history of the mountainous country .
After an ambiguous history in 1756, this region came under the rule of the Russian Empire.
On June 1, 1922, the Oirotic Autonomous Region (region) was formed (by the then name of Oyroten for the Altai ethnic group), which was later subordinated to the Altai Territory, and on January 7, 1948, it was renamed the Gorno-Altai Autonomous Region. On October 25, 1990, the territory of the RSFSR was directly subordinated and received the status of the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR), from July 3, 1991, only under the designation of the Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR), but still part of the RSFSR. Since May 1992, the territory has been called the Republic of Gorny Altai, and since December 12, 1993 it bears its current name.
Agriculture prevails in the republic; this situation arose as a result of reforms of the Soviet state and party leadership, which sought to increase the production of Soviet grain. The production of skins of sheep and goats is known. The main industries are food and light industries. Tourism plays an important role. There are now many tourism infrastructure projects in the region, especially in the winter sports sector.
The mountainous republic is sparsely populated. The last census on October 14, 2010 showed that the population is 206,168 people. More than a quarter of them live in the capital, Gorno-Altaysk. The titular nation of the republic is the Altaians, a Turkic people whose language Altaic is one of the Turkic languages. However, they constitute a minority of the population. Russians make up a (gradually declining) majority. The only other noteworthy minority are Kazakhs - 12,524 members (= 6.2%). The official languages are Russian and Altai. In 2002, one third of the population lived below the poverty line.
Kazakhstan-Religions of Altai.
The population professes different religions. Most Altaians practice natural religious cults or Tibetan Buddhism, some also Christianity. A plurality of beliefs is a widespread phenomenon, since book religions and natural cults do not exclude each other among many Altaians. Most Russians are Russian Orthodox Christians, Kazakhs are Sunni Muslims. The German minority, most of whom have moved to Germany over the past few decades, are Protestants.
The Altai Republic is subdivided into an urban district, which is formed by the only city of Gorno-Altaysk with 56 933 inhabitants, and ten districts with now exclusively rural settlements (the former urban-type settlements Aktash, Shoika and Chemal lost this status in the 1980s until the 1990s ). In total, 245 settlements in the regions of the republic are grouped into 91 rural settlements (rural settlements) (as of April 2015). By far the second largest city is Maima with 16,174 inhabitants (all population data as of October 14, 2010.