Cities of Ulytau region –
City tour in Zhezkazgan –
Zhezkazgan is a city in the Ulytau region of Kazakhstan, founded in 1954, the center of the region. The city is located on the ancestral land of Saryarka, its territory consists of plains and valleys forming a vast beautiful steppe. One of the large mountains located near the city is Mount Ulytau (1195 meters above sea level), the Karakengir, Zylandy and Zhezdi rivers flow into the Sarykengir and Sarysu rivers from the mountain slopes of the Ulytau mountains.
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Zhezkazgan city is located in Ulytau region, central Kazakhstan.
GPS coordinates: 47°47'0"N 67°42'0"E
The city of Zhezkazgan is a copper treasure of Kazakhstan. The history of the city is directly connected with the history of the copper plant. The first inhabitants of Zhezkazgan were builders and miners. The ancient Kazakh land was known for its underground riches. The Zhezkazgan copper deposit was known to mankind 3,000 years ago. This is evidenced by numerous quarries, melting furnaces, mining and ore dumps. Earlier, miners extracted more than 2 million tons of high-quality copper ore from the ground.
In 1771, Baron Traubenberg's expedition arrived in Central Kazakhstan. Captain Nikolai Rychkov, one of the participants of the expedition, wrote in his diary: around Ulytau, many copper deposits were discovered, dug by the indigenous inhabitants of this settlement, as well as traces of gold and silver deposits. The results of the Traubenberg expedition aroused such interest that several more researchers came to the territory of Zhezkazgan. Zhezkazgan, like many other mineral deposits, fell into the hands of foreign shareholders at the beginning of the 20th century.
In 1938, new residential buildings, cultural and household institutions were built in the Zhezkazgan industrial district, and agricultural production was organized.
Nazi Germany's attack on the Soviet Union stopped the construction of the Great Zhezkazgan. All the efforts of the residents of the city were aimed at increasing production. During the Great Patriotic War, the extraction of copper ore increased several times. After the victorious end of the Great Patriotic War, the complex development of the plant received a new impetus. In 1947, the construction of the Zhezkazgan processing Plant began, three of its sections were commissioned in 1954. In 1955, a fourth section for processing copper-lead ore was added to the series. During the ten post-war years, from 1945 to 1955, 6 mines were built and put into operation.
Zhezkazgan city in Ulytau region, Central Kazakhstan