Old Beyneu Necropolis
Pilgrimage tour to Mangyshlak -
Pilgrimage tour to Mangystau -
The Old Beyneu necropolis, dated from the XIII-XIX centuries, is a complex of monuments, mausoleums and burials of the ancient period on the Mangyshlak peninsula. The necropolis belongs to the locality, which is also called Old Beyneu. There was a caravan route here in ancient times, so the settlement and necropolis appeared in this region. There is a spring here, to which the settlement and the ancient necropolis owe their origin. After a difficult passage through the Caspian salt marsh desert, travelers stopped at this fertile spring. It is possible that there was a caravanserai here, but no traces of it were found. Southwest of the spring and the shepherds' houses is an extensive necropolis, divided into two halves by the channels of two ravines.
How to get there, visit -
The Old Beyneu necropolis is located in the Mangystau region, 13 kilometers from the Dead Kultuk salt marsh, 22 kilometers from the village of Sangyrlau, and 16 kilometers from the village of Beyneu, Beyneu district.
GPS coordinates: N45°11'07" E55°06'22"
The ancient part of the Old Beyneu necropolis is located behind the second, western one, most of its monuments are badly destroyed small forms of tombstones and a group of late sagan-tams of the XX century. The second half of the necropolis is located on a high promontory formed by the gentle slopes of two ravines. The monuments of this part of the necropolis have been preserved better and can be roughly dated to the XVI - XIX centuries. According to folk legend and fragmentary information from written sources, throughout the Middle Ages, Oguz, Kipchaks, Nogai, Bashkirs, Turkmens and tribal groups of Kazakhs - Adai, Tama, Tabyn, Kete, Serkesh, Bersh and others roamed here in shifts, as well as in the first third of the XVIII century. Kalmyks. Consequently, the most ancient tombstones of the Beineu necropolis could have been built by the Oguzo-Kipchak and Kipchak-Nogai tribes. Due to the severe destruction, it is almost impossible to determine the time of their construction and ethnicity, with the exception of one, the ancient koytas with the tamga of the Kipchaks "II - Kosalif". Most of the well-preserved monuments dating from the middle of the XVIII - early XX centuries have ancestral tamgas. The north-eastern part of the necropolis, where the older monuments are mainly concentrated, is divided into two parts by ravine beds. There are monuments of the XVII - XX centuries, which are represented by several mausoleums, saganatams and a variety of architecture of small forms, koytas, kulpytas, sandyktas, stone pyramids. In total, about five hundred monuments have been preserved in the ancient part of the necropolis. Most of the necropolis consists of modern structures of the second half of the twentieth century.
Old Beyneu Necropolis in the village of Old Beyneu, Mangystau region