Dzhend Settlement (Zhankala)
Travel from Almaty to Kyzylorda region -
Medieval settlements along the lower reaches of the Syr Darya -
Dzhend is a medieval city, IX-XVII centuries, the main large city along the lower reaches of the Syr Darya, currently the remains of a dilapidated structure. This city is also known as the city of Jankala. The city is located in the south of modern Kazakhstan and Oghuz tribes lived and ruled in it. In ancient times, the city of Dzhend was the main city on the Great Silk Road; the city was destroyed and plundered during the Mongol invasion. The object is a monument of republican significance.
How to get there, visit -
The settlement of Dzhend is located in the lower reaches of the Syrdarya River, 115 kilometers from the city of Kyzylorda, Kyzylorda region, Republic of Kazakhstan.
GPS coordinates: 44.6167°N 64.1500°E
Information, history -
The city of Dzhend was inhabited by Turkic tribes professing the Muslim religion. The city was the main major center along the lower reaches of the Syr Darya in the 10th-12th centuries. Researcher V.V. Bartold believes that the desolation of the city of Dzhent in this region since the 15th century was due to the fact that the Syr Darya River changed its course in the other direction. In 1946 - 48, 1957 - 58, the Khorezm archaeological and ethnographic expedition (led by Tolstov) conducted a study and, based on the collected ceramics, noted that the city existed from the 10th to the 13th centuries. Although the city of Jankala has not been extensively excavated, the ancient irrigation systems around it have been somewhat explored. Judging by the results of the study, we can say that the townspeople were engaged in agriculture.
The city of Dzhend in the Kyzylorda region