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Kostobe Settlement (Jumakat)

Architectural sights of the Bayzak district -

Archaeological excavations at the Jumakat settlement in Zhambyl region -

Kostobe is an ancient city, settlement, dated to the VI-XII century, represents the remains, ruins of an ancient city founded in ancient times by Bukhara merchants. The area of the citadel is 150x150 meters in a radius of 5 km around there are various small fortifications. During archaeological excavations at the site of the city, the site of the temple of fire worshippers of the VIII-IX centuries was discovered. Most of the buildings are lined with decorative panels and ornaments. This suggests that the cities of the Talas region, located along the Great Silk Road, have close cultural ties with Central Asia.

How to get there, visit -

The Kostobe settlement is located on the right bank of the Talas River, 400 meters from the village of Baizak, 3 kilometers from the village of Sarykemer, near the city of Taraz, Baizak district, Zhambyl region, Republic of Kazakhstan. GPS coordinates: 42°59'21"N 71°31'17"E

Information -

The Kostobe settlement was first explored by A. N. Bernshtam in 1938, in 1985-87. The archaeological expedition of the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR, headed by K. M. Baypakov from the city of Taraz, was engaged in excavations. It is assumed that Kostobe was the site of the city of Jumakat, founded by Sogdians who migrated here in the 6th century. The city was surrounded by a large high wall over 3 meters high, and the city could be accessed through one of the 4 gates. The towers at the corners of the walls were 16-18 meters high. Currently, only the parts of the gate separated from the walls have been preserved. During the excavations, the site of the palace in Kostobe was determined, the walls of the palace were built of mud bricks. The palace, the citadel consists of more than 20 rooms, its central hall measures 9.5×8.2 meters, the front hall is 8×14 meters. Hearths have been preserved in some rooms, ceramic vessels and bone products have been found during excavations. Also, among the items found were earrings, belt buckles, and belt buckles engraved with images of a peacock and a rooster. In 2014, the city of Kostobe was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. In 2017, the city of Kostobe was included in the State List of Historical and Cultural Monuments of National Importance.

Kostobe settlement (Jumakat) in Zhambyl region


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