West Altai state park and nature reserve, East Kazakhstan region.
Visit and travel in West Altai Reserve, nature park.
The Western-Altai State Natural Agency was established by the Resolution of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 1519-KP dated July 3, 1992 with the goal of comprehensive protection of the biogeocenoses of the Altai mountain system. It covers an area of 86,122 hectares near the northeastern border of the East Kazakhstan region in the territory of two administrative districts: Riddersky (formerly Leninogorsk) and Zyryanovsky.
How to get to West Altai nature reserve.
The main mountain ranges: Liney, Koksinsky, Ivanovsky and Ulbinsky, do not reach great heights and have an erosional relief. Tectonic forms determine the largest features of modern orography. The complex geological history of its origins goes into the distant past. Even in the Precambrian and the Lower Paleozoic, as a result of tectonic movements, the foundation of a folded mountainous country was laid, which was finally formed during the Hercynian folding. Glacial forms of relief do not have universal significance for the entire territory of Altai, but in a number of areas they determine the specificity of the surface structure. Water-erosional forms of relief are widespread, and are most developed in the region of middle mountains. Unique formations - granite remnants of the Linea squirrel - one of the original geological monuments of past eras. The structure of the reserve is attended by the igneous rocks of the Permian and Devonian periods, as well as the youngest Quaternary formations.
Tourist information-West Altai Reserve.
In the mountains, the hydrological network is well developed, represented by the White and Black Uba rivers with tributaries Sidyashikha, Lineychiha, Komenushka, Paleva. In the sources of these rivers there is a complex of small high-mountainous lakes of tarn origin. The largest lakes - Kedrovoye (lake) and Shcherbakov - are located on the border of the forest and alpine zones. Dozens of small streams form upland bogs, in particular, the largest Gulbishche bog in the headwaters of the Black Uba, in Western Altai. The main power of the rivers is snow, so the flood takes place in May-June, and the period of low water lasts from November to March.
Flora and fauna West Altai Reserve.
The territory of the reserve is characterized by a large variety of natural areas: meadow steppes, thickets of shrubs, deciduous, pine and mixed forests, subalpine and alpine meadows, mountain tundra.
The reserve has 288 species of plants. The prevailing tree species are birch, aspen, wild cherry, rowan, Caragana (yellow acacia), Siberian cedar, fir. Of the medicinal plants distributed golden root and maral root.
The fauna of the reserve - 1 species of fish (taimen), 127 species of birds, 52 species of mammals. On the territory there are birds (golden eagle, peregrine falcon, saker falcon, black stork) and mammals (lynx, wolverine, etc.) listed in the Red Book of Kazakhstan.
West Altai Reserve.