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Bozok Ancient City

Ancient cities and settlements of Akmola region -

Historical excursion from the city of Astana to the ancient settlement of Bozok -

Bozok is a settlement of the 8th century, a medieval monument of architecture, culture and history and one of the oldest human settlements on the territory of modern Akmola region. In ancient times, the city was a crossroads where the roads of the great Kazakh steppe converged. The famous archaeologist Kimal Akishev discovered and explored this ancient settlement in 1998. The heyday of the city of Bozok occurred in the 10th-11th centuries, when the reputation of the Kipchaks increased among the local Turks. At the beginning of the 11th century, the entire Kazakh steppe was called the Kipchak state and the city of Bozok was the center of this state.

How to get there, visit -

The Bozok settlement is located on the shore of Lake Buzukty, the left bank of the Ishim River, 5 kilometers from a place called “Karaotkel Ford”, Akmola region, Republic of Kazakhstan.
GPS coordinates: 51°08′43″N 71°16′13E

Information -

The city of Bozok, a medieval city, a monument of the 10th-11th centuries, was the administrative and commercial center of the region, as well as a military base of the Kipchak rulers on the Great Silk Road. At the same time, it was considered a center for religious and liturgical events; the city’s residents professed Islam. The city was considered sacred and was the burial place of the nobility. Bozok began to have a special significance in the spiritual life of people; national games were held in the city and competitions were organized. At the same time, it became a place of rest and overnight accommodation for travelers and caravans. Bozok is located at the junction of caravan routes from left to right: Yesil - Nura - Korgalzhyn - Sarysu - Syr Darya, from east to west: Mongolia - Altai - Khazaria - Bulgaria - Rus'.

The city of Bozok is visible from space; space satellites have taken pictures of it. The city consists of 3 parts. The central part is a rounded square block. In the elevated central part of the quarter, the remains of a minaret and 3-4 tombs have been preserved. All of them are built of burnt bricks. Teachers of the Department of General History and Archeology of the Eurasian University - as a result of research by archaeologists - established that the bricks from which the city was built were made in the city. Water was taken from one of the nearby lakes and supplied using special devices and water channels. On the outskirts of the city, tools for watering the soil were found, and it is clear that the inhabitants were engaged in agriculture. Lands with good productivity and irrigated agriculture allowed the inhabitants of Bozok to obtain bread. He used it for his own needs and sold it to residents and caravans in distant places. The head of state N. Nazarbayev wrote in his works: “... the medieval city of Bozok can be considered the ancestor of Akmola, and its last successor is the capital of modern Kazakhstan - the city of Astana.” This is a great monument of history and culture of Kazakhstan of republican significance.

Bozok is an ancient city in Akmola region


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