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Medeu mountain skating rink and sport complex, Small Almaty gorge


Medeu moutain skating rink and sport complex.

Medeu, is a high-mountain sports complex located in the high-mountain natural boundary Medeu at an altitude of 1691 meters above sea level, near the “southern capital” of Kazakhstan - Almaty, just below the Shymbulak ".
Medeu is the world's largest alpine complex for winter sports with the largest area of an artificial ice field - 10.5 thousand m². The high mountains and the purest mountain water for pouring ice contribute to the achievement of high results in speed skating, for all the time there have been set over 200 world records at all distances among men and women. Alma-Ata skating rink was nicknamed "factory of records". It is a state monument of urban planning and architecture of republican significance.

Geography.
The High Mountain Sports Complex occupies an area in the Medeu boundary on the northern slope of the Zailiysky Alatau mountain range, in the picturesque valley of the Malaya Almatinka river, which belongs to the Ili basin of Lake Balkhash. On the slopes of the mountains around the rink, coniferous vegetation with a mixture of deciduous trees and shrubs prevails.

Climate.
The most significant influence on the temperature regime of Medeu, as well as the entire northern slope of the ridge, is exerted by a pronounced mountain-valley inversion of temperatures, representing an increase in air temperature in winter to a maximum at an altitude of about 1500-1650 m. patches of the earth's surface by gradual rolling to the foot of the mountains. For example, the average night temperature of January in the area of the city of Kapchagai (430 m above sea level) is −11.4 ° С, and in Alma-Ata (848 m) it rises to −8.0 ° С. The winters on Medeu (1529 m) are quite mild: the average January temperature rises here to −4.9 ° С, and on the Big Almaty Lake (2511 m) it drops again to −9.5 ° С.

History.
The tract "Medeu", as well as the eponymous sports complex, are named in honor of the volost third aul Medeu Pusurmanov of Maloalmatinskaya volost of Vernensky district of Semirechensk region. After Medeu’s death, the Forest School was organized in his house, and later in 1920, the Commissioner and Writer D. A. Furmanov issued a decision on the construction of a kumy hospice in the building of the former Forest School. However, the sanatorium was opened only in 1930 under the name “M. D. O. ”(Local Rest House).
Initially, the construction of a “sports record factory” began in the fall of 1949, and the first official All-Union competitions took place from February 4 to 5, 1951. In the period from 1951 to 1970, a skating rink with natural ice functioned at the site of the future sports complex. In the 1970s, it was decided to build an alpine sports complex with artificial ice. The project cost was estimated at 8.4 million rubles. While from the republican budget it was possible to allocate only 3 million for construction, we had to approve the project at the Union level, holding consultations in Moscow for months. As a result, the head of the republic, Dinmukhamed Kunaev, who called L. I. Brezhnev, personally helped with the earliest possible release of funds. The construction of the skating rink "Medeu" was announced by the shock Komsomol construction, more than 1,300 people took part in it. The road on Medeu in the difficult conditions of the highlands was built by personnel of the 146th separate road-building brigade of the road forces of the USSR Armed Forces.
In 1972, a high-mountain sports complex with artificial ice was built in its place. December 28, 1972 the grand opening of the rink. The stadium and the stands were built of concrete. The high seismicity of this region has made its own adjustments - the design is made monolithic, with a stable facade. The area of the ice field was 10.5 thousand m². The multilayer field consists of materials 20 items. It is completed by its reinforced concrete slab, in which 170 km of pipes with a coolant were laid. The power of refrigeration units was 6.5 million kcal / hour, and allowed to keep ice for 8 months a year, and speed-skating tracks - all year round. To illuminate the ice arena, 1600 projectors were installed on 8 masts. The number of seats in the stands after construction was 12.5 thousand seats. On August 16, 1973, “Medeo” was visited by L. I. Brezhnev, who enjoyed watching demonstration performances of Soviet figure skaters. The group of authors - architects and engineers were awarded the State Prize of the USSR in 1975.
In 1982, by resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR dated January 26, 1982, No. 38, entered as a monument of architecture into the state list of historical and cultural monuments of the Kazakh SSR of republican significance. Since 2008, it is included as a monument of urban planning and architecture in the State List of Historical and Cultural Monuments of Republican Importance of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Competitions and significant events at Medeo.

• 1974 - Fifth European Speed Skating Championship for Women.
• 1977 - USSR Bandy Championship - Dynamo winner (Alma-Ata).
• 1977 - European Cup Bandy Cup - the winner of Dynamo (Alma-Ata).
• 1982 - A celebration of song, dance and sports, dedicated to the 250th anniversary of the accession of Kazakhstan to Russia.
• 1984 - Ninth European Speed Skating Championship for Women.
• 1988 - The 81st World Speed Skating Championship in the classic all-around (men).
• 1989 - the final of the personal world motorcycle racing championship on ice.
• 1990 - Final of the World Ice Racing Team Championship.
• 1990 - USSR hockey championship - Dynamo winner (Alma-Ata).
• From 1990 to 2004, in the summer at Medeu, the Voice of Asia pop contest was constantly held.
• 2011 - Asian Winter Games 2011, the bandy competitions of the VII Asian Winter Games were held (President Nursultan Nazarbayev attended the Kazakhstan-Mongolia finals).
• From January 29 to February 5, 2012, the games of the 32nd World Bandy Championship took place, the winners were Sweden, Russia, Kazakhstan.
• 2014 (December 18 - 21) - World Championship in speed skating among students.
• 2017 - Winter Universiade 2017

Object Owners
In Soviet times, the high-mountain skating rink "Medeu" was in state republican ownership. After the collapse of the USSR, the skating rink was in republican ownership under the control of the Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan for Tourism and Sport.
In 2001, by the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated March 31, 2001 No. 426, the Republican State State Enterprise “High Mountain Sports Complex“ Medeu ”” was transferred to the municipal state property of the city of Almaty.
In 2007, “CGP on PVC VSK Medeu” from communal ownership was again transferred to republican ownership under the management of the Committee on Sports of the Ministry of Tourism and Sports of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
In 2009, it was again transferred from the republican to the municipal property of the city of Alma-Ata. Legally transformed from the Republican State Enterprise (RGP) VSK Medeu of the Committee on Sport of the Ministry of Tourism and Sport into the state municipal enterprise (GKP on PVC) VSK "Medeu" on the right of economic management of Almaty city Akimat. On April 26, 2012, it was legally transformed and re-arranged from the GKP to the PVC VSK Medeu of the Almaty City Akimat to the GKP on the PVC VSK Medeu of the Department of Physical Culture and Sports of the city of Alma-Ata. On June 24, 2013, it was reorganized and re-arranged from the State Committee on Recycling and Construction to the Municipal Public State Enterprise (VGKP) VSK Medeu of the Department of Physical Culture and Sports in Almaty.
However, in September 2013, the skating rink was transferred from the state administration to the private trust management of the private structure of Chimbulak Development LLP by the akim of the city Yesimov, and in 2014 the contract for the trust management of the skating rink by a private company was extended for a period of 5 years. After the transfer, all profits from the rink began to flow not into the city budget, but exclusively to a private company.
On July 9, 2014, the resolution of the Akimat of Alma-Ata No. 3/554 “On the liquidation of the municipal state-owned enterprise VSK Medeu” was issued, after which the liquidation process began, which ended on December 31, 2015.
Reconstruction of the object
From September 2001 to December 2002, a reconstruction was carried out, a new refrigeration unit of the Finnish company BG International was installed, 140 km of pipelines were laid, a new concrete field body was flooded. The total cost of the Medeu reconstruction was $ 5 million. On the instructions of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, $ 3 million was allocated from the republican budget. Another $ 2 million allocated municipal budget.
From 2008 to December 2009, another reconstruction was carried out on the eve of the Asian Games. The cost of this reconstruction of the Medeu skating rink is estimated at 19.4 billion tenge. The Medeu stadium and the Chimbulak ski base have undergone a major refit in preparation for the 2011 Asian Winter Games.
At the stadium during the reconstruction a large part of the engineering systems was replaced. There is a new cooling station for ice cooling. Has changed the visualization system (electronic scoreboard and photo finish), lighting and sound. A new multimedia display with an area of 200 m² from Billboard Video (USA) has been installed, which allows to reflect the results of sports games, broadcast TV programs, thematic and commercials. Medical rehabilitation and press centers have been reconstructed, the area in the hotel complex has been increased by 400 beds. Built fitness center at 3400 square meters. m. On the ice rink ice rink at the same time can be skated from 2 to 3 thousand people.
During the reconstruction of 2010, the number of seats in the visual stands was reduced to 8,100 people, whereas initially the number of seats on the rink was 12,500 seats.

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