Park of 28 Panfilov Guardsmen in Almaty city
Park of 28 Panfilov Guardsmen.
The picturesque park ensemble in the very center of the city attracts many guests. It becomes especially crowded here during the holidays - by tradition, this is the place where most of the local festivals and celebrations are held. In the summer, shady avenues are lined with tables of summer cafes, in the winter children play here in the snow.
HISTORY AND TERRITORY OF THE PARK
The park was laid back in the years of the construction of Almaty (then called True), and over the past century has changed many names, having time to revile the name of Pushkin, Lenin and various fallen heroes. In 1942, he was given the current name - in honor of the Kazakh soldiers who fell during the Great Patriotic War during the defense of Moscow from enemy tanks.
For the entire time of its existence, the park repeatedly changed its name, only in 1942 it was finally renamed in honor of the Panfilov fighters, who in November 1941 with small forces held the German onslaught on the approaches to Moscow.
On the central alley there is a monument to the heroes - the brightest example of Soviet monumental art. Bronze soldiers as if escaping from a stylized map of the USSR, symbolizing the unity of the republics in the fight against the enemy. The eternal flame burns in front of the monument.
The memory of the feat of Panfilov’s guardsmen was immortalized in a granite triptych erected for the 30th anniversary of the Victory in the central part of the park. The left part of the monument is dedicated to the young Kazakh soldiers, the right part - “Trumpeting glory” - embodied the victory and the triumph of life, and in the central part of the composition - “Feat” - the images of Panfilov guardsmen were depicted as a symbol of the heroism of Soviet soldiers in the Great Patriotic War. In the Alley of Memory, you can see the obelisks with the names of 28 heroes who were able to survive in an unequal battle with the Nazis, and in its center - the Eternal Fire.
A walk through the Almaty park will be very interesting and useful thanks to some buildings and monuments located here. In the eastern part of the park are the Officers' House and the Museum of Folk Instruments, the Monument to the soldiers-internationalists and the Memorial of Glory with the Eternal Flame. In addition, visitors to the park have the opportunity to see other memorials in the park, for example, a monument to soldiers who fell in the war in Afghanistan.
The main building of the park is the Cathedral of the Ascension. It was built in 1904-1907 according to the project of engineer Zenkov and architect Borisoglebsky. When looking at a tall building it is hard to believe that it was created entirely from wood (and, by the way, it is considered the second largest wooden building of the world). An amazing engineering feature of the cathedral is its unique seismic resistance.
Engineer Zenkov, the creator of the building, likened the bell tower of the temple to a tree - with tremors it is able to bend strongly without breaking down. Thanks to this, the Ascension Cathedral became one of the few buildings that survived the catastrophic earthquake of 1911.
In Soviet times, it housed the State Museum of Kazakhstan, and then the concert hall. After the collapse of the Union, the temple was returned to the church. Since 1995, the church again held worship.
A very remarkable red house in the park is the local Museum of Folk Musical Instruments. Even if you are not too interested in the theory and history of playing kobyz or dombra, you should appreciate at least the picturesque exterior of the building, in which the national Kazakh patterns are used.
Just not so long ago in 2016, the film was shot, Twenty Eight Panfilov. The film is about the heroic feats and the second world war, historical.