Aport apple type - Symbol of Almaty city.
Excursion watching apple trees Almaty city.
Aport - one of the largest and most valuable varieties of apples. It became widespread in the southern regions of the middle belt (North Caucasus, Zailiysky Alatau) with a cool but short winter and hot summer. The skin of the aport is dense, yellow or yellow-green with a red-brown painting; pulp differs crispness and delicate taste. Aport is one of the so-called late varieties ripening in September. Like most late varieties, it is well preserved in winter. The most famous apple orchards aport in the suburbs of Almaty.
History Apple trees Aport Almaty.
It is believed that in the XIV century, this sort of apples from the Balkans through Moldova and Ukraine hit the central part of Russia, where it received the name "Alexander Aport" (in honor of the king).
In 1865, in the neighborhood of Verny (future Alma-Ata), the seedlings of the “Aport Alexander” were brought by a migrant from the Voronezh province - George Filippovich Redko (Children and neighbors called him Egor). This variety was originally bred by N. T. Moiseev, a gardener-breeder. His son, an agronomist and gardener, Tikhon Moiseev, recalled: “Large apples of an aport were born on the plot of garden worker Fyodor Tuzov. They made such an impression on Nikita Moiseyev that he abandoned carpentry and started breeding an aport. Some apples he had grown were small watermelon. They were decorated with burgundy color, or, as they said, “apples were dressed in a red shirt.” Planned species selection, including crossing them with the local wild apple Sivers, made the new variety famous. the pleasant climate and the soil helped the “Aport” to find its second homeland in the foothills of the Zailiisky Alatau. Moreover, the variety became better in taste than it was in other regions and has now acquired intra-variety names: aport Alexander, blood-red, winter, pink , onion.
Information Aport apple Almaty Kazakhstan.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Vernensky aport appeared in the central part of Russia, in the capital markets, where it gained “the fame of a first-class variety”. In 1900, the results of fruit growing in Vernensky district were exhibited at the World Exhibition in Paris, in 1908 - in Germany, at the Mannheim Fruit Exhibition, where they received high marks from experts and rave reviews.
In 1914, senior gardening inspector S. Perkovsky wrote:
Local owners have undertaken work on the acclimatization of varieties of fruit trees; only for the city of Verny and its environs nature indicated suitable varieties, namely, aport and pears of the forest beauty; both of these varieties constitute the main plantings of the Vernensky gardens. Voronezh bourgeois Redko brought from his homeland these aport. This apple appeared for the first time in his garden, and by order of General Kolpakovsky was renamed the Redkovsky apple (but the name did not stick). It created the glory of Mr. True, as a fruit center.
In Soviet times, after the land reform (1922-1924), large apple orchards began to be created in the Alma-Ata region in the 1930s. Work continued in the postwar years. According to 1970, in the Alma-Ata region there were 3 million 36 thousand 346 aport trees. Apples were regularly delivered to the Kremlin to the leaders of the USSR.
During the war years, one of the trains from Kazakhstan with food for the front was sent to besieged Leningrad, it had several cars with Almaty aport.
Writers about Aport apples Almaty.
The writer Yuri Dombrovsky in his novel The Keeper of Antiquities (1966) wrote about an aport:
It really is almost an incredible apple - huge, brilliant, bright red. When I first saw him, I could not believe my eyes. It lay on a black tin tray covered with huge tavern roses, and the roses did not seem huge, there were only three apples, but they occupied the whole tray — radiant, varnished, like fair matryoshkas painted with brushstrokes, stains, some kind of whirlwinds of light and greenery ...