Nursul-Tan city the capital of Kazakhstan Astana
Nursul-Tan is the modern capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan. During its existence, the city has experienced four renaming: Akmola, Tselinograd, Akmola, Astana. Today it is a city with a million people, a major cultural and industrial center of the country. Despite its twenty-year history of the capital of the state, the city has a rich historical past and distinctive features.
Geographical location and physiographic characteristics
Nursul-Tan is located on the Ishim River in northern Kazakhstan. Now the area of the city is 71 thousand hectares. It is conveniently located on the floodplain river terraces, which were chosen by the founders of the city as sites for urban buildings. The capital is located in a zone of sharply continental temperate climate, so summer is characterized by drought and high temperatures, and winter - by duration and severe frosts. In some years, in summer, the thermometer may reach elevations higher than 400 ° C, and in winter, lower than -500 ° C. Rainfall during the year falls a little - only 300 mm.
Two rivers flow through the territory of the city - Akbulak and Sarybulak, which are right tributaries of the Esil River, which flows into the Ishim. Around the city there are many lakes, among which there are both fresh and salt. The city is protected from the steppe winds by an artificial "green wall" of trees and large shrubs.
In the history of the city there are two important events that influenced the growth of the population. The first event is the period of the development of virgin lands, when the population of Tselinograd rapidly increased due to the arrival of a huge number of volunteers here. The second event is the transfer of the capital, doubled. And on July 4, 2016, the millionth inhabitant appeared in Astana. The capital of the country is the center of migration flows and human capital. People come here for permanent residence from other regions of Kazakhstan, which allows the migration balance indicator to be kept at a high level.
Nursul-Tan is a multinational city. Here, along with the Kazakhs and Russians, Germans, Tatars, Ukrainians, Jews, Armenians, Belarusians, Georgians, Moldovans, Azeris, Uzbeks and others live as good neighbors. The official languages are Kazakh and Russian. The main religions are Islam and Orthodox Christianity.
Nursul-Tan city was able to embody the people's power and strength, become the pride and symbol of the sovereignty of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The official decision to transfer the capital from Almaty to Astana (then Akmola) was taken at the initiative of President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev in December 1997. The main reasons are related to economics and geopolitics.
Nursul-Tan is the geographical center of the country, located on the way from Asia to Europe, equidistant from major economic regions of the republic. The following conditions also influenced the choice of the location of the capital:
• major transportation hub;
• developed industry and agricultural complex;
• favorable environmental conditions;
• balance of natural conditions;
• sparsely populated.
Astana has rapidly grown into a modern metropolis with dozens of tall skyscrapers. Along with the industry, a social infrastructure is being developed in the new capital, which includes numerous entertainment and shopping centers, cafes and restaurants.
The architectural image of the capital is the interweaving of the best features of Eastern and European architecture. In a short time, the urban landscape was rapidly transformed, turning Astana into an Eurasian-style city attractive for residents and guests. This is the merit of foreign construction companies that use the latest European technology in construction.
Features of the economy
In terms of economic indicators, Nursul-Tan is ranked second after Almaty. The main sectors of the economy of the capital are transport and communications, construction, and trade.
Conditions for business development have been created in Astana. It accounts for a quarter of the gross regional product. The creation of the Special Economic Zone “Astana - New City” promotes the attraction of investments and the creation of new industries that are distinguished by their competitiveness. The FEZ is a platform for the implementation of projects of various orientations, focused on the development of popular
Nursul-Tan is developing in accordance with the approved strategic plan, designed for the period up to 2030 and defining the direction of sustainable development of the city as the capital of the state.
Astana is a city with cultural traditions that are successfully preserved and developed. Numerous attractions are popular tourist sites and are visited by visitors from other countries. Of the major cultural sites in the capital are:
• museums - local history and visual arts
• theaters - music and drama, Russian drama, opera and ballet theater
• libraries with reading rooms
The major attraction of Astana is Ak-Orda - the residence of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Also popular with tourists is the Palace of Independence, where you can get acquainted with the mock-up plan for building the capital. Various diplomatic events and meetings at the level of top officials of the republic are held in the Palace.
The Palace of Peace and Harmony holds events related to the activities of religious concessions belonging to both world and traditional religions.
Tourist guides recommend visiting the Water-Green Boulevard and enjoying the beauty of the Alley of Singing Fountains, visiting the Shabyt Palace of Arts and the Schoolchildren’s and Youth Creativity Palace.
What you need to know the guests of the city
Nursul-Tan city is different in that ground transportation of the capital is represented only by buses and trolley buses. The schedule of public transport routes is designed in such a way that passengers do not have problems with moving around the city.
Kazakhstan is a country with centuries-old cultural traditions. Visiting the country, you need to know about the customs that exist among the locals in order to follow them and not to cause a negative among others. For example, knowledge of the rules of the Kazakh feast and following them will help guests respectfully treat the hospitality of the hosts.
In Astana, there is no strict ban on smoking, but smoking is not accepted on the premises, and special “smoking-rooms” are equipped for these purposes in public places.
In Nursul-Tan, there are a lot of traffic violations by the drivers, so you need to be careful about crossing streets.
Kazakhs are not punctual, so they are often late for meetings, even if they themselves have appointed them. But on the other hand, they are very demanding of wardrobe and prefer business style clothing. Therefore, even tourists are advised not to dress in a sporty way if they plan to visit any cultural places of the capital.