Baikonur space port and cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.
Photo tour and Excursion to Baikonur Space port.
Tourism and Space Baikonur Cosmodrome is called the first space harbor of our planet. He became a symbol of the space age and a new era in the history of the Earth. It was here that man began to get acquainted with space. Therefore, Baikonur can rightfully be called a visiting card of Kazakhstan and one of the main tourist places in the country, because everyone wants to touch history and see firsthand the launch of a rocket. However, now it’s quite difficult for an ordinary person to get here.
How to get to Baikonur Space port.
A tourist trip from certified travel agencies is almost the only opportunity, but it costs a lot of money. At the invitation of the akimat of the Kyzylorda region, Tengrinews.kz reporters managed to visit the space port, see the unique facilities of the complex and launch a rocket, and also communicate with local authorities about the development of the cosmodrome as a tourist attraction of the country.
Welcome to the Baikonur Space port. Not everyone knows that there is a Baikonur Museum on the territory of the space port with a luxurious collection of exhibits, real elements of rockets - engines, navigation devices, and much more.
A full-fledged tour of the museum can take almost a whole day, because there are a lot of objects. It begins with a hall dedicated to the birth of cosmonautics and the founder of theoretical cosmonautics - Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky. As early as 1903, he published the work “Exploring World Spaces with Jet Devices,” where he substantiated the possibility of flying into space using “rocket trains” - a prototype of multi-stage rockets. The museum also tells about Sergei Pavlovich Korolev, the general designer of the USSR rocket and space industry, who was at the helm of creating the Baikonur space port. In the hall you can see photographs, his documents and drawings, as well as models of the jet engines developed by him.
Information about Baikonur Space port.
There was an order at the spaceport, in no case to tell anywhere that a person was flying into space. Because the TASS news agency prepared three reports on the flight of Yuri Gagarin. One is about his safe return to Earth, the second - if an emergency happens and the astronaut breaks up and the third - if Gagarin would land in a foreign country.
LAYOUT CAPSULES FOR ANIMALS SENT TO SPACE. BEFORE THAN A MAN FLYED IN SPACE, ALL RESEARCH AND EXPERIENCE WAS PERFORMED ON ANIMALS. So in 1966, TWO DOGS OF WINDS AND CORNERS HAD 22 DAYS IN THIS SEALED CABIN AND WELL RETURNED FROM THE SPACE
In the museum you can learn about the life of astronauts in zero gravity - see various models of spacesuits, helmets and other equipment that astronauts use
Now the astronauts are returning to the ground in the descent vehicle. Previously, at an altitude of four kilometers, an astronaut, along with an armchair, shot back from the descent vehicle and flew up to an altitude of 1,500 meters with an armchair, and after that he shot back from him and landed like an ordinary skydiver. Thus astronauts Yuri Gagarin, German Titov, Andriyan Nikolaev, Pavel Popovich and even Valentina Tereshkova landed.
Buran space ship on Baikonur Space port.
Exposition in the open. To the left of the museum is the orbiter rocket-plane of the Soviet reusable space transport system Buran.
On November 15, 1988, the Buran launched from the Baikonur cosmodrome, flew around our planet Earth twice, and without astronauts landed in the unmanned mode on the landing strip of our cosmodrome. And all this is due to the fact that a unique computer control system was created.
For landing "Buran" was built an airfield "Yubileiny" with a huge runway length of 4,500 meters. However, the aerodrome only once took a rocket ship. After the project was closed. Now "Jubilee" is used for special flights that deliver satellites and overall details of rockets to the spaceport.
The oldest part of the museum is the houses of Korolev and Gagarin, located 200 meters from the central building. Korolev lived in his house on Baikonur for several years, and Gagarin in the neighboring one spent only a few days in preparation for the flight. In the houses everything was preserved as it was in the 1960s.
It is worth noting that the chief designer of rockets in the USSR and the first cosmonaut of the world lived in very simple conditions. And sometimes these conditions are puzzling. Like, for example, the inconvenient location of this toilet. “Until 1967, all crews spent time before flying in this very house. After the death of Sergey Pavlovich Korolev, the houses became memorial.
Gagarin start or Gagarin launch place.
"Gagarinsky launch" is the first and main object of the cosmodrome. It was from here that the first rocket was launched, then the first artificial satellite of the Earth, and from here the ship launched with the first cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, in whose honor the launch pad was named. Today it is also used to send astronauts to the ISS.
The safe observation zone of the launch is a radius of 1.4 kilometers. Guests of the space center and the media can watch the launch of rockets from special observation platforms.
Other launch sites at Baikonur Launch pad No. 31 is the second most important launch site. It is a backup for the "Gagarin launch", and is more often used to send cargo ships to the ISS. It also has a safe observation zone with a radius of 1.4 km.
Baikonur in Soviet period and today.
Baikonur today and tomorrow The Baikonur complex includes the cosmodrome of the same name and the city. It was founded in 1955. Since 1994, the Russian Federation has leased Baikonur from Kazakhstan for $ 115 million per year.
In January 2004, Nursultan Nazarbayev and Vladimir Putin signed an agreement on the development of cooperation on the effective use of the spaceport. In accordance with this agreement, the lease term of Russia for the complex was extended to 2050. A little later, an agreement was signed on the creation of the Baiterek space rocket complex at the Baikonur cosmodrome. It is intended for the implementation of commercial space programs and projects, as well as the implementation of national space programs of Kazakhstan and Russia.
"The head of state made a decision on a gradual transition from lease relations to sharing. If now we get only rent for Baikonur, then with the implementation of the Baiterek project we will share the launch site and we will also receive income. In addition, for Third-country investments will be attracted for the prospective development of the launch site. We are working to create a free economic zone at the launch site and preferential conditions for investors. Thus, the UAE has already shown interest in the mod They are planning to launch light satellites from it. The tripartite working group of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation and the UAE is already working, there is a preliminary concept of the project. China is also interested in working together on space exploration. "
Tourism at the Baikonur Cosmodrome.
The Baikonur Cosmodrome is a closed facility. A person can get there only on a special pass issued by Roskosmos. In 2015, about 16 travel companies (7 of which are Kazakhstani) were accredited, which have the right to organize travel tours to the Baikonur Cosmodrome.
The ticket price for citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation is from 200 to 300 thousand tenge, including obtaining permission to visit the cosmodrome during the launch of the rocket and staying for several days in a hotel. For foreign citizens - about 1000-1500 dollars.
“We understand that it is expensive for our citizens. But this was not before. This is the first step, in the future, taking into account the competitiveness of travel agencies, we will work to ensure that prices are reduced. For example, a program for students to visit Baikonur is already operating as part of the knowledge of their homeland.Such excursions are already being held.
The Baikonur Cosmodrome is undoubtedly one of the main tourist opportunities and one of the advantages of Kazakhstan. Seas, ski resorts - there are many similar. But the place from which mankind launched space exploration is only one in the world. And it is in Kazakhstan.
The difficulty is that Baikonur was originally built as a production facility. If other cosmodromes were created with the prospect of a tourist facility, then we had no conditions. There was nothing for tourists. Now more or less equipped observation platforms, heating points, a cafe, a museum. Therefore, all this will be created - new hotels and infrastructure for tourism will be built. "