Karaganda city, Kazakhstan.
City tour in Karaganda city.
Karaganda is a city in Kazakhstan, the center of the Karaganda region. It is a large industrial-industrial, scientific and cultural regional center. The status of the city of Karaganda received February 10, 1934. Located in the central part of Kazakhstan.
The territory of the city akimat of Karaganda is 498 km², including 279 km² of the city of Karaganda itself; is the 4th city in Kazakhstan by population.
In the Karaganda region there are large coal mining enterprises, machine-building, metal-working and food processing enterprises. The city has a large number of enterprises of transport, education, science, culture and communications. Today, Karaganda is one of the largest industrial, economic, scientific and cultural centers of Kazakhstan.
History of Karaganda city.
In the 19th century, on the site of the city, karaoke subgenus and the Murat of the Altai-Karpyks of the Argyn tribe lived. There is a legend that in 1833 the shepherd boy Appak Baizhanov found coal. At the end of the XIX century, geological surveys were carried out, and at the beginning of the XX century coal mining began, first by Russian merchants, then by French and English entrepreneurs.
In 1930, active coal mining was resumed and the construction of temporary dwellings such as adobe half-dugouts for exiled (dispossessed) citizens of the USSR and their families began. Then the villages of Maykuduk, Novaya Tikhonovka and Prishakhtinsky were built, in which the bulk of the newly arrived workers and specialists settled. The population has grown significantly in the old villages.
With the outbreak of World War II, thousands of Karaganda residents went to the front.
In the 1950s, two disasters occurred in the city - the crash of an IL-12 aircraft and an explosion at a 4-D plant.
In 1974, 66 enterprises and organizations, including 3 open-pit mines and 26 mines, merged into the Karagandaugol Production Association.
The collapse of the Soviet Union greatly affected the mining capital of Kazakhstan - the 1990s were the most difficult for Karaganda in the 20th century after the revolutionary 1920s and the military 1940s. Most of the coal enterprises and the industries serving it reduced or halted production.
Information Karaganda city.
Throughout its history, Karaganda has been built up systematically and orderly. Karaganda is distinguished by beautiful, wide streets and planned development.
Moscow architects developed the first master plan of the city (1934-1938) under the guidance of Alexander Ivanovich Kuznetsov, a famous architect and urban planner, whose projects were used to build more than one city in the Soviet Union. The new city was designed for 300 thousand inhabitants.
By the end of the 1960s, the population of Karaganda already amounted to more than 300 thousand. It became clear to architects and urban planners that a new master plan was needed, designed for at least 600 thousand people.
Military Camps in Karaganda city.
The history of Karaganda is closely connected with the camps Karlag and ALZHIR GULAG.
Karlag, which became the place of imprisonment of many scientists and artists of the USSR and abroad, became the center of Karaganda culture. Located near the village of Dolinskoye (Karaganda region)
The prisoners held concerts and performances in honor of the Soviet holidays. Artists were engaged in design work. It is known that in Karlag even ballet was staged. All this was mainly of a high professional level. It was in the late 1930s that the history of the fine art of Karaganda began and the prerequisites for the development of a new stage of the art of Kazakhstan as a whole were laid.
Many repressed and deported remained to live in Karaganda and made a significant contribution to the development of its science and culture.
The Bukpa River flows on the territory of the city and the Irtysh-Karaganda canal ends. In the southern part of the city is the Fedorovskoye reservoir.
Culture of Karaganda city.
On the territory of the city there are many historical and cultural monuments. Among them are the theater to them. K. Stanislavsky and S. Seifullin, Palace of Culture of Miners, Architectural and Memorial Ensemble in honor of the Karaganda warriors who died in Afghanistan, the monument "Miner's Glory", the circus building, the Palace of Sports named after N. Abdirov, the stadium "Miner", monuments N. Abdirov], Bukhar Zhyrau, G. Mustafin, A. Bayzhanov, A. Pushkin, A. Kunanbaev, N. Gogol, Yu. Gagarin, the monument of military glory “Eternal Flame”, the hotel “Chaika”, the monument “Good Herald” and others .
Due to the history of its development, Karaganda presents a rich synthesis of various cultures and traditions. The culture of the city is distinguished by tolerance and hospitality.
Religion in Karaganda city.
Representatives of different religious movements peacefully coexist in Karaganda. The main religions in the city are Islam (Sunnism) and Orthodoxy, Catholicism was also widespread, but due to the outflow of the German population, the number of people practicing this religion decreased.