Pavlodar City in Kazakhstan Republic.
Pavlodar city tour.
Pavlodar is a city located in northeastern Kazakhstan, 450 km northeast of the country's capital Nur-Sultan and 405 km southeast of the Russian city of Omsk on the Irtysh River, the administrative center of Pavlodar region.
The city has oil refining, chemical, aluminum, electrolysis, metallurgical, cardboard and roofing materials, machine-building plants.
Climate Pavlodar city.
The climate is temperate, sharply continental. Long harsh winters with stable snow cover (from late October to early April) and hot summers with little rainfall
History Pavlodar city.
In the IX – XII centuries, not far from the place of existence of modern Pavlodar, the city of Imakia (in some sources of Kimakia) was located - the disappeared medieval Turkic city of Kimaks, the capital of Kimak kaganate.
Information about Pavlodar city.
Russian immigrants arrived in the territory of Priyrtysh in the XVI century, for the extraction of salt in Yamysh Lake. At the beginning of the XVIII century, by decree of Peter the Great, fortresses began to be built on the right bank of the Irtysh, such as Zhelezinsky, Semipalatinsk, Ust-Kamenogorsk, Yamyshevskaya. And among which was the Koryakovsky outpost, on the site of which is the city of Pavlodar.
Near the outpost were two salt lakes. Arriving at the end of the nineteenth century and at the beginning of the twentieth century, migrant peasants were engaged in agriculture, they plowed the land, grew vegetables, gardens, and raised bread. Local Kazakhs, who from ancient times roamed on these lands with their cattle, adopted their experience.
According to the surviving documents, the outpost had the shape of a square of 50 by 50 meters, was surrounded by a high log picket fence, in the corners had bastions with artillery batteries. Barracks were located in the inside, and stables and a bathhouse were outside. The entire garrison of the outpost consisted of 48 people. The outpost was built in order to consolidate on new lands and protect the Cossacks from the raids of the Dzungars.
How to visit Pavlodar city.
During the second half of the 18th century, the Irtysh fortification lost its strategic military significance due to the fact that the colonization of Kazakhstan advanced further south. Fortresses and outposts became ordinary villages and villages into which the population was brought from the central part of the empire. Koryakovsky outpost is becoming one of the centers of salt production in Siberia.
Finally, on April 4, 1861, the Koryakovskaya village received the status of “a contingent city with the name Pavlodar, in honor of the newborn Grand Duke Pavel Alexandrovich”.
Statistics noted that in 1904 there were 33 streets and an alley in the city.
Virgin development Pavlodar city.
The city received its “second wind” during the development of virgin lands. The beginning of a new powerful construction was connected with the decision to build a combine and aluminum plants here. In early January 1955, the first mechanized columns of builders began to arrive in Pavlodar. For management services and employees with families, shield houses were built, new stores and dining rooms, and household outlets were opened. So, on the northern outskirts of the city grew a temporary town, which became known as Administrative.
Along with the construction of industrial facilities, construction of housing for future workers' factories began. In May 1955, in a festive atmosphere, the excavator removed the first bucket from the foundation pit of the future five-story building at number one on ul. May 1st. Since 1956, the population of Pavlodar began to grow rapidly. Experienced specialists came from all over the USSR, young, who had just graduated from high schools, came by distribution; because of this, the percentage of ethnic Kazakh population fell to 9 percent, and Kazakh was taught only in two schools. In order to somehow solve the problem of an acute shortage of housing for skilled professionals who have arrived, the intensive construction of a private village in the eastern part of the city, “Second Pavlodar”, begins.
Economics Pavlodar city.
• Aluminum of Kazakhstan
• Kazakhstan Electrolysis Plant
• Pavlodar engineering plant
• Pavlodar Petrochemical Plant
• Pavlodar cardboard and ruberoid plant
• PF KSP Steel LLP
• Pavlodar pipe rolling plant
Transport Pavlodar city.
Opened October 18, 1965.
Today it is the largest tram system in Kazakhstan. The total length of the contact network is 89 km. The tram park has 109 passenger trams.
There is also an international bus service with Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Barnaul, Omsk and Rubtsovsky.
There is a river station (local transportation on motor ships of the type "Moscow") and a cargo port.
Pavlodar river port.
Currently, Pavlodar River Port JSC is operating - a large transport and industrial enterprise engaged in the transit of goods, extraction and sale of river sand, sells and transports crushed stone, coal, and carries out work on cleaning hydrological objects.
Pavlodar River Port JSC is one of the actively operating ports on the Irtysh River.
As of January 1, 2019, the city's population is 333,989 people, 360,096 people as part of the territory of the city akimat, along with several suburban rural settlements.
Education and science in Pavlodar city.
Currently in the city are located:
• 3 universities:
o Pavlodar State Pedagogical University
o Pavlodar State University named after S. Toraigyrov
o Innovative Eurasian University
• Pavlodar Music College named after P. Tchaikovsky, later renamed the Pavlodar College of Music and on the basis of which in 2005 they created the State Institution “Musical College-Music Boarding School for Gifted Children”
• Pavlodar business college
• Pavlodar Polytechnic College
• Pavlodar Engineering College
• Pavlodar Chemical and Mechanical College
• Pavlodar art college
• Pavlodar Medical College
• Lyceum School No. 8 for gifted children
• 43 comprehensive schools .
• Kazakh-Turkish lyceum for gifted youths
• Kazakh-Turkish boarding school for gifted girls (2001)
• Nazarbayev Intellectual School of Chemistry and Biology (operates since August 27, 2013)
• 2 theaters:
o Pavlodar Drama Theater named after A.P. Chekhov
• Kazakh Musical Drama Theater of Drama named after J. Aymauytov
• 17 libraries.
• Regional Studies Museum
• Modern Art Museum.
• House-Museum of Song Creativity named after Mayra Shamsutdinova
• Bagaev House-Museum
• Museum to them. Bukhar Zhyrau
• The house-museum to them. Pavel Vasiliev
• Branch and clinical base of the Semey State Medical University (SSMA).
Culture Pavlodar city.
The central mosque named Mashkhur Zhusup Kopeev.
The white mosque named Abdulfattakh Ramazanov.
Annunciation Cathedral, Russian Orthodox Church.
Catholic Church of St. Theresa the Baby Jesus
One of the most beautiful mosques in Kazakhstan is located in the city - the mosque named after Mashkhur Zhusup, life is quite active
Music Pavlodar city.
Currently, the city is experiencing a boom in its development, which is reflected in the growing diversity of urban events. There are several night clubs in the city, festivals are held. On the city beach, landscaped in the early 2000s, there are concerts of representatives of the Kazakh and Russian pop. Museums in the city constantly host exhibitions and promotions of artistic interest.
The community of residents who prefer heavy music is also large enough not to go unnoticed. There are local music groups in the city performing rock and metal music. Musical events of an appropriate nature are regularly held.
Sport Pavlodar city.
For mass physical education and sports, the city’s population is currently provided with sports facilities - 5 stadiums, the Astana ice palace, 8 sports complexes, 9 swimming pools, 133 sports halls, the Yunost athletics arena, 3 ski resorts and some other facilities
Football of Pavlodar city.
Pavlodar residents have a traditional interest in football. The Irtysh football team, whose home arena is the Central Stadium of the city, the five-time champion of Kazakhstan, the holder of the Country Cup (1997/98), the semi-finalist of the Asian Champions Cup (2001), and a participant in prestigious international competitions - the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League, is also the most titled team in modern Kazakhstan in the number of medals collected during the existence of the High Division.
Hockey in Pavlodar city.
In October 2003, the Astana Ice Palace was opened in Pavlodar. A year later, it was decided to create a team of masters.
Chess in Pavlodar city.
Chess has a fairly high level of development in the city. The city hosts numerous competitions, cups, tournaments - such as, for example, the Pavlodar Open, the Cup of Pavlodar region in rapid chess.