Metro of Amaty city.
Alma-Ata Metro is a system of extra-street high-speed rail transport in Alma-Ata. The first and only in Kazakhstan, the second in Central Asia (after Tashkent) and the sixteenth and last (in May 2019) in the territory of the former USSR. Opened December 1, 2011.
Interesting Facts Almaty metro.
From the ambassador of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the Moscow government, a proposal was received to give the name “Alma-Ata” to the Moscow metro station Brateevo under construction. The name of the station is due to honoring the merits of the Panfilov Division, which was formed in 1941 in Alma-Ata and showed heroism in the Battle of Moscow (Alma-Ata Street is also 0.6 km from the station in the Brateevo area). In Almaty, at the beginning of September 2011, a decision was made to assign the name “Moscow” to one of the Almaty metro stations.
The Baikonur station was supposed to be stylized as a spacecraft.
Almaty Metro rules.
The rules for using the subway are approved by the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated October 16, 2014 No. 1102. Their general list is given on the official website of the metro.
In the underground it is forbidden:
• Drink alcohol and be intoxicated.
• Label or post announcements.
• Carry bulky luggage, firearms and piercing objects, flammable and explosive substances.
• Go beyond the boundary line at the edge of the platform until the train arrives.
• Lean against the car doors and interfere with the entry and exit of passengers.
• To carry out film and video filming without the written permission of the metro management.
• Use sound reinforcement (except hearing aids) and listen to audio recordings or audio broadcasts without headphones.
Rules for using the escalator:
• When standing on the escalator, you must stand on your right, face in the direction of travel. Pass on the left, holding the handrail.
• On the escalator it is forbidden: to run, sit on the steps, step on the boundary line on the steps.
Tokens for fare collection (yellow - adult, red - children's)
The fare is paid using non-contact reusable smart cards and disposable smart tokens. The cost of one trip is 80 tenge, since the summer of 2012 for children from 7-15 years the cost is 40 tenge upon presentation of a birth certificate. The cost of a smart card without balance is 100 tenge. The balance of smart cards can be replenished through cash desks and automated terminals at stations. The card is valid for 3 years. The validity of the token is until the end of the current day. Wednesday is declared "token day." On this day, passengers can bring their expired tokens and use them.
In addition to the above types of payment, in addition, from 2016 payment in the subway is also made by the ONAY card system, for the use of which separate turnstiles are installed.
On the first day, December 1, 2011, for 6 hours (from 18:00 to 0:00 (UTC + 6)), 11 thousand passengers used the metro services. In the first 3.5 days, about 130 thousand passengers were transported.
In the first year of the subway, 6 million passengers were transported. On July 9, 2013 (1 year and 8 months after the opening), the Alma-Ata Metro met a 10 millionth passenger.
On December 18, 2014, they met and awarded the 20 millionth passenger in the subway.
In 2016, 12.4 million people used metro services.
In 2017, the subway transported 14 million passengers.
System Almaty metro.
The working hours of the subway are daily, from 6:20 to 0:00 (UTC + 6). Until January 4, 2012, the metro worked from 6:00 to 0:00 (UTC + 6).
The first stage of the first line has an operational length of 10.3 km (construction - 11.3 km) and consists of 9 stations (5 of which are deep-laid, the remaining four are shallow). The average speed is about 40 km / h. Travel time on the first stage of the first line is approximately 16 minutes. Rolling stock - modern trains manufactured by the South Korean concern Hyundai with a through passage, air conditioning in the salons, full auto mode and other features.
Currently, the first line is being extended westward (to the Kalkaman-3 microdistrict). After completion of construction in the western direction, it is planned to begin the extension of the line in the northern direction to the Almaty-1 station.
Stations and Lines Almaty metro.
The Raiymbek Batyr station is located at the intersection of Nazarbayev and Raiymbek Avenues. The final - “Moscow” - along Abay Avenue between Altynsarin Avenue and Utegen Batyr. Intermediate stations - Zhibek Zholy (Gogol - Panfilov), Almaly (Karasay Batyr - Panfilov), Abay (Nazarbayev - Abay); "Baikonur" (Abay - Baitursynova), "Theater named after Mukhtar Auezov" (Abay - Dzhandosov), "Alatau" (Abay - between Zharokov and Gagarin), "Sairan" (Abaya - between Brusilovsky and Tlendiev).
The engineering building of the Alma-Ata metro is located at the intersection of Gogol and Panfilov streets. The building houses the ground lobby of the Zhibek Zholy metro station.
Soviet period Almaty metro.
In 1978, the General Plan of Almaty was approved, in which the first metro line was indicated.
In 1980, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR A.N. Kosygin signed Decree No. 1537-r, which ordered the development of a feasibility study, design and start the construction of the metro in Almaty.
On June 3, 1981, the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR adopted a decision “On urgent measures to prepare for the construction of the subway in the city of Alma-Ata. For the needs of the metro, 137 buildings were demolished, including 92 residential buildings. The construction of the Alma-Ata metro began on September 7, 1988. Since January 1, 1989, by order of the Minister of Transport of the USSR No. 156-OR, signed by V. A. Brezhnev, the construction of the subway is entrusted with the implementation of the Bamtonnelstroy SUS.
The completion date was determined for 1997. Construction until 1991 was carried out at the expense of the Union budget, the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic paid only indirect costs.
The project of the first stage of 8 stations (now the number has been reduced to 7, the Republic Square station has been excluded at the intersection of Abay Avenue and Zheltoksan Street) was developed by the Moscow Metrogiprotrans Institute with the participation of the Lenmetrogiprotrans Leningrad Institute.
After the collapse of the USSR, the construction of the Alma-Ata metro was frozen, but later continued.