East Kazakhstan Region
Travel and tours in East Kazakhstan –
Sights of the East Kazakhstan region –
East Kazakhstan region is an administrative-territorial part in the north-east of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The region was founded on March 10, 1932. East Kazakhstan region is the largest industrial and agricultural region of Kazakhstan. Industry is the main branch of the economy. The East Kazakhstan region ranks 5th in the country after the North Kazakhstan, Akmola, South Kazakhstan and Almaty regions. All waterways are connected through the Irtys River. There are river moorings in approximately 15 settlements.
The region includes 9 districts: Altai district, Glubovsky district, Zaisan district, Katonkaragai district, Kurchum district, Sairam district, Tarbagatai district, Ulan district, Shemonaikha district, there are also two cities of regional significance: Ridder, Ust-Kamenogorsk.
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East Kazakhstan region is located in the east of Kazakhstan.
GPS coordinates: 49°57′N 82°37′E
The East Kazakhstan region has great potential for the development of cultural and educational tourism. South Kazakhstan region has unique natural and geographical, climatic, balneological, cultural and historical resources that can demonstrate its potential competitiveness not only in Kazakhstan, but also in the global tourism market. In terms of the development of the tourism industry, South Kazakhstan takes 3rd place after the cities of Almaty and Astana. The Concept for the Development of the Tourism Industry of the Republic of Kazakhstan until 2020 states that "The East Kazakhstan cluster will be defined as the center for the development of the World of Natural Wonders and ecological tourism."
Historical and cultural reserve Berel museum, Buktarma reservoir, Irtysh river, Zaisan lake, Katon-Karagai state national natural park, Ridder city, Alakol lake, Semey city, etc.
The bowels of the East Kazakhstan region are rich in minerals. Here zinc, lead, copper, silver, gold, cadmium, antimony, copper, iron, sulfur, bismuth, indium, gallium, selenium, tellurium, mercury, tin, tantalum, niobium, molybdenum, tungsten, titanium, nickel, cobalt, coal ., oil shale, as well as deposits of various chemical raw materials and building materials.
The climate of the region is sharply continental. The average annual air temperature in January is -17°C -26°C, in summer 19° - 23°C in July.
The territory of the East Kazakhstan region has been inhabited since ancient times. According to eyewitnesses, traces of ancient mines, irrigation systems, fortresses and settlements have been preserved in Altai, the Zaisan region, the Tarbagatai and Sauyr ridges. At the beginning of the 15th century, after the Oirats captured the upper part of the Irtysh river basin, this land became part of the Dzungar Khanate. 1758 After the defeat of the Dzungar Khanate by the Chinese troops, the Kalmyks went to the other side of the Volga. And the Kazakh peoples, who mainly inhabited Saryarka, returned to their ancient settlements. At the beginning of the 18th century, tsarist Russia built a network of Irtysh fortresses on the territory of the present region, ousting the Kazakhs from their ancestral home in order to colonize the Kazakh land. A system of fortresses and outposts was gradually built along this line, and then Cossack-Russian settlements (Semey in 1718, Uskemen in 1720, Buktyrminsky fortresses in 1763). Kazakh-Russian settlements appeared along the right bank of the Irtysh and its tributaries. The Kazakhs lost their most desirable places and lost the names of their original settlements, instead of them Russian names appeared, preserved on the pages of maps. All tributaries, ravines and rivers flowing into the Irtysh received Russian names.
Together with the Kazakh-Russian colonization, persecuted Russians who were hiding and fleeing from the tsarist government began to arrive in the remote taiga depths of the Altai mountain valleys. These were Kerzhaks (Old Believers) workers and artisans who fled from factories and mines in the Urals and Altai. They settled along the upper reaches of the Buktyrma and its tributaries, as well as along the Naryn and Kalzyr rivers. At this time, the villages of Katonkaragai, Belaya, Chernovaya, etc. appeared. In the 60s of the 18th century, peasants called “Poles” came and settled in the valleys of the Ob and Ulba rivers in the northwestern part of Altai from the inner provinces of Russia.
The East Kazakhstan region did not develop significantly in the first years of Soviet power. Only in the 30s of the 20th century, in connection with the organization of agriculture and the industrialization campaign in the country, the mining industry of non-ferrous metallurgy and mining in Altai Kazakhstan became the largest center of industry. In the parts of Altai inhabited by Kazakhs, various settlements arose. The construction of the Turkestan-Siberian railway had a great influence on the further development of the region's economy.
In the years following World War II, the region's economy developed rapidly. Buktyrminsky, Uskemensky and Shulbinskaya power stations were built on the Irtysh River. Along the Altai mines for the extraction of non-ferrous metal and metallurgical enterprises for its processing were opened, the capacity of the meat processing plant, which occupied the second place in the USSR in terms of capacity in the post-Soviet space, increased, and many industrial facilities appeared. in Ust-Kamenogorsk, such as a titanium-magnesium plant and a rayon plant.
East Kazakhstan region in Kazakhstan