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Ustyurt Nature Reserve, Mangistau region

Travel from Almaty to Ustyurt Nature Reserve

Photo tour of Mangyshlak peninsula

Ustyurt State Nature Reserve is a state farm established in 1984 with the aim of preserving the natural complex in the south-west of Kazakhstan. The territory of the Karakiyansky district of the Mangystau region is 223.3 thousand hectares. Ustyurt State Nature Reserve was organized by the Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR No. 294 dated July 12, 1984.

The main purpose of the reserve is to preserve the natural complex of the desert zone in its natural form. There is a wide variety of landscapes in the Ustyurt State Nature Reserve. The reserve has a department of conservation, science, information and monitoring of environmental education and tourism, a museum of nature and a department of accounting. Senior, junior, scientific staff of the Department of Science, Information and Monitoring of the Ustyurt Nature Reserve conduct research work on approved topics. Study of the development of animals and plants living on the territory of the reserve, systematization with constant monitoring of their growth, analysis and creation of a scientific basis for the organization of security work.

The reserve belongs to the highest category of specially protected natural territories with the status of an environmental and scientific institution of republican significance. The purpose of the organization is to preserve and study the natural course of natural processes and phenomena on the territory of the reserve, objects of flora and fauna, individual species and communities of plants and animals, typical and unique ecological systems and their restoration.

On the Ustyurt plateau, which used to be the seabed, remains of animals of ancient times (for example, bones, teeth, their traces), weapons used by the first people were found.

Due to the diversity of the relief and soils, the flora of the reserve is also diverse. Currently, 336 species of plants, 29 species of mammals, 15 species of reptiles, 166 species of birds are found on the territory of the reserve

There are many natural and historical monuments on the territory of the reserve.


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