Ustyurt Nature Reserve - Mangistau region, Kazakhstan.
Photo tour to Ustyurt State Nature Reserve.
Ustyurt State Nature Reserve is located in the Karakiya district of the Mangistau region.
History Ustyurt Nature Reserve.
It was created in 1984 on an area of 223.3 thousand hectares for the protection of desert landscapes on the Ustyurt plateau. The idea of creating a reserve in Ustyurt arose in the 60-70s in connection with the development of the desert spaces of Western Kazakhstan that began in that period. The reserve was organized on July 12, 1984. The purpose of the reserve was to preserve the natural complex of the northern deserts of the Ustyurt plateau, including a number of rare species of fauna and flora. The reserve was under the jurisdiction of the Main Directorate of Reserves and Hunting under the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR.
Location Ustyurt Nature Reserve.
In geographical zoning, the territory of Ustyurt is included in the Iran-Turan subregion of the Afro-Asian desert region, and the reserve is located at the junction of the Ustyurt and Mangyshlak districts of the southern desert subzone. The territory of the reserve occupies part of the western patch of the Ustyurt plateau, a narrow causal strip of the plateau itself and the vast decline of Kendirlisor. The absolute height is from 50 to 3000 m. The highest point of the reserve is located on the Western Chink of Ustyurt in the area of the Kugusem well (+340 m above sea level), the lowest - in the northern part of Kenderlisor (-52 m).
The administration of the reserve is located in Aktau. The distance between the territory and the administration is more than 200 km.
Flora and fauna Ustyurt Nature Reserve.
About 263 species of plants are found on the territory of the reserve, of which 5 are Red Book:
The amphibian class is represented by 1 species - the green toad, the reptile class of 22 species, the mammalian class of 45 species, the bird class of 111 species, including migratory ones. Of these, the Red Book includes: birds - 11 species: flamingos, peregrine falcons, vulture, steppe eagle, golden eagle, eagle owl, jack, serpent eater, black-bellied sandgrouse, loaf; There are 9 species of mammals: Ustyurt mouflon, gazelle, caracal, manul, dressing, dune cat, honey badger, white-bellied arrow, cheetah (extinct in Kazakhstan in the 1960s), leopard (appeared instead of cheetah).