Aktobe city in Aktobe region, Kazakhstan.
City tour in Aktobe.
Aktobe ("White Hill") is a city in Kazakhstan. Aktobe is located in the north-west of the country on the Ilek River near the Russian border, about 220 kilometers south of Orenburg. It is also the administrative center and the largest city in the Aktobe region.
The city was founded in 1869 by Russian troops as a fortress. Already in 1891, the place received the rights of the city and was assigned to the Turgai region. Especially in Soviet times, the economic development of the city began in the 1940s. Due to the proximity of large deposits of raw materials, especially chromite, Aktobe has become an important industrial city.
The geographical location of Aktobe and the geography of the city.
Aktobe is located in the northwestern part of the Central Asian country near the border with Russia. It is the capital of the region of the same name and is located on the left Ural tributary of Ilek.
History of Aktobe city.
Aktobe was founded as a fortress in 1869; her Russian name was Aktyubinsk. In 1891, the city and its environs were assigned to the Turgai region. Due to nearby ore deposits, the city has established very important branches of iron and chromium production. The city grew rapidly during this period due to the expansion of the metallurgical industry during World War II. In Aktobe, prisoner of war camp No. 222, Aktyubinsk, existed for German prisoners of war during World War II. The memorial cross to those killed in the camp is located above the Brick District.
Politics of Aktobe city.
The current mayor of Aktobe (Äkim) has been Maur Abdullin since June 24, 2019. In the Soviet period, the city administration was headed by the executive committee. The following are the mayors of the city since 1996:
Culture and attractions in Aktobe city.
The two most famous buildings in the city are the Nurgasyr Mosque and the Nikolsky Cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church. Both were built in a city park from 2006 to 2008. In honor of the 140th anniversary of the city in 2009, a boulevard was opened that connects the Nurgasyr mosque and St. Nicholas Cathedral. Another large mosque is the Nurdaulet mosque.
Sports of Aktobe city.
Aktobe Football Club is one of the most successful football clubs in Kazakhstan and has played in the Premier League, the highest division in Kazakhstan, since the country's independence. In 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2013, the club became the Kazakh champion. The club plays its home games at the central stadium in Aktobe.
Economy and infrastructure of Aktobe city.
After gaining independence, Aktobe became the center of the oil industry. Aktobe is the administrative center for half a dozen Kazakhstani and international oil companies. Large oil fields are being developed here in the Aktobe region. Here, among other things, the China National Petroleum Corporation has established a subsidiary. International companies such as Zenner International (a global manufacturer of water and heat meters) are based in the city. The region also processes chrome ore.
There are two large shopping centers in Aktyubinsk, TRC Alatau and MEGA Center Aqtöbe.
Airport of Aktobe city.
The city's international airport is Aktobe Airport (IATA code AKX, location 50 ° 14 ′ 45 ″ N, 57 ° 12 ′ 24 ″ E). Aktobe offers connecting flights to Nur-Sultan and Almaty in Kazakhstan. There are international relations with the Russian capital, Moscow and Antalya.
Roads of Aktobe city.
The M32 highway passes through Aktobe and connects the west of the country with the south. The A27 highway begins in the city, leading to Atyrau to the Caspian Sea. A24 and A25, which lead north to the Russian border, also start from Aktobe.
Railways of Aktobe city.
Aktobe station is located on an important railway line (Trans-Aral Railway), which leads from the Russian city of Orenburg to the Uzbek capital Tashkent.
Education in Aktobe city.
Aktyubinsk is home to Aktobe State University, the State Medical Academy of Marat-Ospanov, a teacher training college and a large flying school.