Kokshetau city tour –
Cities of Akmola region –
The city of Kokshetau was the fortress of Kokshetau until 1868, and Kokchetav in Russian transcription until 1993, was the administrative center of the Akmola region, a city in the north of Kazakhstan, on the southern shore of Lake Kopa. Kokshetau ranks eighteenth among the cities of Kazakhstan in terms of population. Representatives of many nationalities live in Kokshetau. Kokshetau in translation from Kazakh means Kokshe mountain, the Russian name means Blue Mountains.
Kokshetau city – how to get there –
The city of Kokshetau is located in the north of Kazakhstan in the Akmola region, the distance from Astana to the city of Kokshetau is 310 km. GPS coordinates of Kokshetau city: 53°17'N 69°23'E
Kokshetau city – tourism –
The region of the city of Kokshetau covers the north of the Akmola region and adjacent areas of the North Kazakhstan region, there is incredibly beautiful nature, there are lakes and low mountains. The Kokshetau ridge is located in the central part. Here, from east to West, there are such mountains as Kokshe, Zhaksylyk Zhalgyztau, Imantau, Zhylandy, Sandyktau, Ulkentukty, Bukhpa, Koshkarbai, Zerendinsky mountains, Ayyrtau, Syrymbet and the Shortandy pass, Burkitty, Maly Shabakty, Borovoe, Ainakol, Idabol, Zerenda, Kopa, Atansor, Mailysor, Mamai. There are lakes Saumalkol, Shalkar, Bolshoy Koskol, Maly Koskol, Zholdybai, Kalmykkol, Shagalalytiz, Silettimor, Teke, Bolshoy Karaoi, Maly Karaoi, Kalibek, etc. In the center of Lake Borovoe stands the famous rock Zhumbaktas. In this area there are historical sites Okzhetpes, Kenesary cave, etc. The Yesil River flows from the western side of the hill.
Sights of Kokshetau
Kazakh Musical and Drama Theater of Akmola region named after Shakhmet Kusainov
Akmola Regional Russian Drama Theater
Akmola Regional Philharmonic
Palace of Culture "Dostar"
The Palace of Culture "Kokshetau" is the main cultural Center of the Akmola region, where all socio-political events of the city and regional scale take place
Museum of the History of the city of Kokshetau
Kokshetau Literature and Art Museum
Malik Gabdullin Museum
Akmola Regional Museum of Local History
Akmola Regional Universal Scientific Library named after M. Zhumabayev
Kokshetau city – information –
In the city of Kokshetau there are enterprises of food and light industry, mechanical engineering, metalworking, chemical production, production of non-metallic products, production of cardboard and paper, enterprises for the distribution of heat, electricity, gas and water. In the field of education, there are 3 higher educational institutions, 13 secondary specialized educational institutions, 23 general education schools. Cultural services to citizens and guests are provided by 2 theaters, philharmonic hall, city library system, 4 museums, exhibition hall, 6 club institutions. The city has a well-established sphere of physical culture and sports. There are 3 stadiums, 3 swimming pools, 1 ski base, 6 sports schools.
The climate of the city of Kokshetau is sharply continental, with warm and dry summers, long and frosty winters. The average annual temperature is 3.5 °C. The average summer temperature is about 20.5 °C. For three months of the year, the average daytime temperature exceeds 20 °C. It is cold in winter, the average annual temperature in January is about -14.5 °C, sometimes it can reach -48 °C, depending on whether the Siberian frosts reach the city. The average annual precipitation is 230 - 400 mm . Precipitation falls mainly in the summer months. The average annual volume of sunlight is 2256 hours. The month with the highest precipitation is July (69 mm), the month with the lowest precipitation is February (10 mm).
Kokshetau city – history –
Kokshetau is one of the cities of Kazakhstan with a rich history. People began to settle in the Kokshetau region in ancient times.
The Dzungarian Khanate, which arose in the middle of the 17th century, posed a serious threat to the Kazakh people. As in other places of the Kazakh steppe, in the Kokshetau region, Kazakh batyrs (Bogenbai, Sary, Bayan, Karasai, Agyntai, Kabanbai, Olzhabai, etc.) proved to be heroes in fierce battles with the Dzungars.
Since the 40s of the 18th century, the Kazakh Khanate led by Abylai Khan, who moved to Kokshetau, has restored its former power. Russian, Chinese, Afghan states and Bukhara, Kokand, Khiva khanates sent their ambassadors to the Horde to Abylai Khan in Kokshetau. After the death of Abylai Khan, events took place in Kokshetau that left a big mark in the history of the Kazakh people. The Kazakh Khanate began to lose its integrity, the Kokshetau region became the ancestral settlement of the Abylai Khan dynasty (Uali, Kasym, Gubaidolla, etc.).
Laying of the Kokshetau Fortress
On April 30, 1824, the construction of the border military fortress of the Russian Empire began in the east at the foot of the Bukhpa, at the Shat Gorge. On September 17, 1824 (September 30 on a new date), by the decision of the Senate of the Russian Empire, the Kokshetau fortress (Russian Kokchetavskaya) was included in the official list.
In 1839 A military garrison was brought to Kokshetau and a Cossack village was created.
In 1868, the Kokshetau fortress lost its military significance and remained one of the ordinary settlements.