Kokshetau city (Kokchetav) in Akmola region, Kazakhstan.
City tour in Kokshetau city.
Kokshetau is a city in northern Kazakhstan, since 1999 it has been the administrative center of the Akmola region. The population of Kokshetau for 2019 is 145,161 people.
Geography Kokshetau city.
Kokshetau is located on the shore of Lake Kopa in the north of the Kokshetau Upland, the foothills of which surround the city from the south and west. The territory of the city administration (an area of 400 km²), in addition to the city of Kokshetau itself, includes one village administration (Stantsionny settlement) and the Krasnoyarsk rural district, which includes two rural settlements (villages Krasny Yar and Kyzylzhulduz).
History Kokshetau city.
The territory of Kokshetau was part of the territory of the Middle Zhuz of Kazakhs and was located in the northern part of the Kazakh Khanate, being the place of resettlement of the Argyn, Tore, Uak, Kypshak, Naiman, Tolengite and Kerey tribes. The word "Kukshe" is translated from Kazakh as "bluish", and the word "tau" - as "mountain".
Kokshetau was founded in 1824 by a graduate of the Omsk Cossack Military School Mikhail Kazachinin as a military fortification of Kokchetav. The military fortification was located in Borovoy at the foot of the Kokshetau mountain and was the administrative center of the Kokchetav external district. Since the end of 1824, the fortification became the center of the outer district of the Omsk region.
But in the summer of 1827, another locality was chosen for the construction of the settlement, because for a number of reasons it was impossible to continue construction in Borovoye. The new area was located on the shore of Lake Kopa at the foot of the Bukpa hill.
Since 1854, Kokchetav became the district center of the Siberian Kyrgyz region.
Since 1868 - the district center of Akmola region.
Since 1919 - the district center of the Omsk province.
On March 16, 1944, by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Kazakh SSR, the Kokchetav region was established, and Kokchetav became the regional center.
On October 7, 1993, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the city of Kokchetav was renamed Kokshetau.
In the spring of 1997, when the Kokshetau region was abolished, the city was deprived of the status of a regional center. On April 8, 1999, after changing the administrative structure of the Akmola and North Kazakhstan regions, Kokshetau became a city of regional significance in the Akmola region, and then the regional center was moved from Nur-Sultan to Kokshetau.
Culture Kokshetau city.
The culture of the city is represented by various organizations, such as:
• Akmola Regional Kazakh Music and Drama Theater named after Sh. Kusainov.
• Akmola Regional Russian Drama Theater.
• Akmola Regional Philharmonic.
• Akmola Regional Museum of History and Local Lore
• Palace of Culture “Kokshetau” - the main cultural center of the region, where all socio-political and cultural events of an urban and regional scale are held.
• Palace of Culture "Dostar"
• Palace of Culture of Railway Workers
• Sports Palace "Burabay"
• Football stadium "Ozhetpes"
• Football stadium "Zhastar"
• Football stadium "Jubilee"
• Sports complex "Jubilee"
• Sports complex "Vivacity"
• Sports complex "Kazhimkan"
Education Kokshetau city.
• In 1996, Kokshetau State University named after Shokan Ualikhanov was formed on the basis of the institutes in the city: agricultural, pedagogical, as well as a branch of the Karaganda Polytechnic Institute.
• Lyceum-boarding school "Bilim-innovation" of the education department of Akmola region.
• IT school-lyceum
• Humanitarian Technical Academy (former Kokshetau Institute of Economics and Management (KIEM)).
• Kokshetau University named after Abay Myrzakhmetov opened in 2000.
• Kokshe Academy (formerly Kokshetau University).
• “Nazarbayev Intellectual School of Physics and Mathematics”.