Zharkent mosque in Panfilov district, Kazakhstan.
Excursion to Zharkent mosque (Dungan mosque).
Zharkent mosque - the central mosque of the city of Zharkent, a monument of architecture of the XIX century. The mosque was built in 1895 according to the project of the Chinese architect Hon Piquet, with the funds raised by immigrants in the center of the city of Jarkent (now - the city of Zharkent). Since 1982 it has been under state protection as a monument of architecture and history of republican significance.
History Zharkent mosque.
In 1887, at a meeting of the Muslim community of the city of Zharkent, from the first guild merchant Vali Akhun Yuldashev, a proposal was received to build a new mosque. He made the first installment and organized the collection of donations from Muslims. The main architect, who directed the construction and decoration of the facade and interior, was invited by the Chinese master Hon Pike (Mukan), who was helped by the Uyghur craftsmen Hassan Imanov, Ushurbaki, Tair Ismailov, Nasretdin Kara, Zainutdin, Abdukadir and others. According to legend, the Chinese architect accepted Yuldashev’s offer was free because he had long wanted to build a Muslim mosque in the Chinese style, but could not get permission in China.
In 1892-1895, a mosque and the main portal entrance with a tower were erected, then in 1903-1905 a small mosque, a madrasah and a fence were built. The strong earthquake of 1910 led to significant damage - both decorative towers collapsed, the tops of the domes fell, through cracks formed in the domes, etc.
How to visit Zharkent mosque.
During the Soviet era, the mosque was used for various purposes: there were warehouses, a granary, a barracks for border guards, a cinema and a teahouse. In 1969, as part of a comprehensive survey of the mosque, engineering communications and the state of building structures and decoration were studied. In 1975-1978, restoration work was undertaken in the mosque, after the completion of which a proposal was made to create a museum. The architectural and art museum in the mosque was opened in accordance with the order of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR of March 24, 1978, signed by the chairman of the Council of Ministers, Baiken Ashimov. In 2001-2004, the roof and main portal were reconstructed.
Architecture Zharkent mosque.
The mosque was built in the style of architecture of Central Asia, but using elements of a Buddhist temple.
The total area of the mosque is 28 × 54 m, height 14.5 m, height of the minaret 19 m. The minaret is surrounded by 52 columns. Entablature decorated with wooden carvings. The columns are made of Tien Shan spruce. When building columns and other wooden parts of nails was not used. The walls of the mosque are made of beams, and the roof is made of tin.
A small courtyard is located in the courtyard of the mosque on the north-eastern side, and a madrasah on the south. The mosque complex is fenced with a stone fence 2.3 m high. There are gates on the south and north sides.
Information Zharkent mosque.
The influence of Chinese architectural traditions finds expression in the design of a soaring roof, which has bent upward slopes of the ramp, giving the building sophistication and airiness. The mosque consists of two floors. Cylindrical columns without capitals and with a large cornice (52 in total) form a gallery surrounding the building. 122 wooden posts are fastened by a system of beams and nozzles, forming the skeleton of the mosque.
A feature of the mosque is the abundance of decor (woodcarving, polychrome painting in rich colors), revitalizing the surface of the arches and walls of the main hall of the mosque. The interior decoration is dominated by plant motifs, Arabic script, elements of the Uyghur ornament, but there are also images of birds, fish, animals (including fantastic ones).