Altai district ( Zyryanovsk district)
Travel to Altai district (East Kazakhstan region)
Altai district (until 2019 - Zyryanovsky district) - a district in the north-east of the East Kazakhstan region of Kazakhstan. The administrative center of the district is the city of Altai (until 2019 - Zyryanovsk).
The area is located in the north-east of the East Kazakhstan region, the central part of the Ore Altai. In the north and north-west it borders with the territory of the city of regional significance Ridder, in the west - with the Glubokovsky district and with the territory of the city of regional significance Ust-Kamenogorsk, in the south-west - with the Ulan district, in the south - with the Kokpektinsky district, in the southeast - with the Katon-Karagai region, in the northeast and east - with the Altai Republic of Russia. The climate is sharply continental. The relief is mostly mountainous and hilly. The western and central parts of the region are occupied by the spurs and foothills of the Ulba ridge, in the north - the Kholzun ridge, in the east - the Listvyaga ridge, where the highest point of the region is Mount Bystrukhinsky Spire (2577 m). In river valleys and mountain valleys, chernozem, dark chestnut, and chestnut soils are common; in the foothills, chernozems and serozems. Irtysh flows through the south-west of the region, where the Bukhtarma and Ust-Kamenogorsk reservoirs are located. Bukhtarma flows into the Bukhtarma reservoir, the largest tributaries of which are Turgusun, Khamir, Chernevaya and Beryozovka.
The Zyryanovsky district of the Semipalatinsk district with a center in the village of Zyryanovka was formed on January 17, 1928 from the Zyryanovskaya, part of the Pozdnyakovskaya volosts of the Bukhtarminsky district and part of the Soviet volost of the Ust-Kamenogorsk district of the Semipalatinsk province. On December 17, 1930, the district division in the Kazakh Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was liquidated, the district was transferred to direct republican subordination. On September 11, 1931 the district was enlarged at the expense of four village councils of the Ust-Kamenogorsk district. February 20, 1932 the area became part of the newly created East Kazakhstan region. On February 24, 1935, the district was disaggregated: eight village councils formed the new Bukhtarma region, three village councils became part of the newly formed Bolshenarym region, and one village council moved to the Tarbagatai region. On March 31, 1937, the district center of the village of Zyryanovka was transformed into the working village of Zyryanovskoye; on January 17, 1941, the village was transformed into the city of Zyryanovsk. On January 29, 1951, the city of Zyryanovsk was categorized as a city of regional subordination, while maintaining the status of a regional center. On September 24, 1957, three village councils were transferred from the Bukhtarma district. On October 31, 1957, the Zyryanovsky district was abolished, its territory was transferred to the administrative subordination of the Zyryanovsky City Council. On January 2, 1963, the Zyryanovsky rural district was formed as part of six village councils. December 10, 1965 Zyryanovsky rural area was abolished with the transfer of the territory to the administrative subordination of the Zyryanovsky city Council. On February 15, 1977, the Zyryanovsky district was re-formed with its center in the village of Parygino.
In 1988, the district center was returned to the city of Zyryanovsk.
On May 23, 1997, the territory of Serebryansk was included in the district.
April 8, 2014 the city of Zyryanovsk was included in the Zyryanovsk district.
On December 28, 2018, the city of Zyryanovsk was renamed Altai, along with it the Zyryanovsky district was also renamed to the Altai region.
In the 18th century, as a result of the development of the Russian economy, interest in the polymetallic deposits of the "Golden Mountains" developed by the "Chudsky tribes" reappeared. One of the richest deposits was discovered in 1791 by ore miner Gerasim Zyryanov. G. E. Shchurovsky once wrote that "... Zyryanovsk gave more silver than all the mines of England, France, Prussia, Belgium, the duchy of Savoy and Baden combined." In addition to silver, a lot of lead was found in Zyryanov ores, as well as an admixture of gold. At the St. Petersburg Mint, up to 25 pounds of gold were extracted annually from Altai silver. About one and a half hundred polymetallic, pyrite-polymetallic, copper-pyrite deposits, ore occurrences and points of mineralization are currently explored in the district. In addition to ore deposits containing lead, zinc, copper, gold, silver and other valuable components, the region is rich in natural building materials: brick loams, sand and gravel, building sands, and limestone. The basis of the region’s economy is industry. In 2010, industrial enterprises produced products in current prices for 64075.6 million tenge. Of these, in the mining industry - by 38,494.2 million tenge, in the manufacturing industry - by 19,386.4 million tenge.
Bukhtarma hydroelectric power station
The Bukhtarma hydroelectric power station is located on the Irtysh River, 5 km upstream from the city of Serebryansk. The power plant has 9 units of 75 mW each, with a total capacity of 675 mW. The power plant, which is part of Kazzinc under a long concession, is integrated into the Kazakhstan National Energy System and is the peak power plant that regulates energy supply. The station generates 2.4 billion kWh of electricity per year. The generated electricity is fully used for power supply of the company divisions. The presence of minerals determines the industry focus of the industry. The basic industry of the region is mining. The main enterprise of this industry is the Altai processing plant, which is part of the Altai mining and processing complex, Kazzinc LLP (formerly the Zyryanovsky mining and processing complex), located in the city of Altai (Zyryanovsk), whose share in the total industrial production of the region is 60%. Bukhtarma Cement Company JSC is a large cement producer, both in the region and in the country. Serebryansk plant of inorganic production.
The district is one of the main agricultural producers in the region. The presence of farmland, natural conditions allow us to grow a wide range of crops, mainly cereals and oilseeds. At the end of 2010, 70 enterprises, 172 peasant farms and 15.6 thousand personal subsidiary farms were engaged in agricultural production. They produced 4.5% of the gross agricultural output of the region. The share of crop production was 58.5%, livestock - 41.5%. In May 2012, the Government of Kazakhstan adopted the Development Program for Single-industry Towns for 2012–2020 to ensure sustainable socio-economic development. The list of single-industry towns of the East Kazakhstan region includes the cities of Serebryansk and Zyryanovsk (Altai). This should serve as an impetus to the development of infrastructure, the development of business and the social sphere.