Kurchatov city, East Kazakhstan.
Adventure tour to Kurchatov city.
Kurchatov is a city in the East Kazakhstan region of Kazakhstan, located on the left bank of the Irtysh River between the cities of Semey and Pavlodar. Former center of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site closed in 1991. It is named after the Soviet physicist Igor Kurchatov, who has been here on long business trips.
The city is located 45 kilometers from the experimental field, which was tested the first atomic and thermonuclear bombs of the USSR. L.P. Beria personally came to test the first atomic bomb. In Soviet times, the city was closed with the strictest access control, surrounded by barbed wire around the perimeter, and was designated on the maps as the dead end railway station “Konechnaya”.
In 1990, the population of the city was over 20 thousand people. The housing stock of the city was 176056 m², of which 69500 m² for military personnel. The city had a dairy factory, a bread factory, 8 preschool institutions with 1,150 seats, 3 schools with 3,000 beds, a military hospital with 50 beds, a medical unit, a branch of the Bolshevichka sewing factory, and a number of small enterprises and cooperatives. On the southern outskirts of the city, a military airfield "Plankton" with a dirt runway was operating.
How to visit Kurchatov.
In the early 1990s, after the collapse of the USSR, the military contingent was reduced and the population of the city more than halved (from 20 to 8–9 thousand people). The infrastructure of the city fell into decay: many residential buildings were abandoned, the soldier’s town (the northwestern part of the city) was completely empty, and its objects, including remarkable architectural structures, were sold out and later destroyed.
On the basis of the Semipalatinsk test site, by decree of the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, the National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan (NNC RK) was established in 1991 with many of its subsidiaries: Institute of Geophysical Research (IGI), Institute of Nuclear Physics (INP), Institute of Atomic Energy (IAE) and many other organizations working for the peaceful atom and the cooperation of science and business. The company has become a city-forming.
Current status and prospects Kurchatov.
A nuclear technology park is being built in Kurchatov (in accordance with a decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, dated April 4, 2003), which will organize the production of high-tech products using peaceful atom. It will include:
• office building
• complex of radiation technologies
• radiation sterilization enclosure
• transport and logistics center
• nuclear energy technology complex
• and social facilities
The country is implementing a five-year plan for accelerated industrial and innovative development of the country. As part of this program, innovative projects are being implemented in Kurchatov on the basis of JSC Nuclear Technology Park. So, on July 3, during the teleconference with the head of state, the production lines of the radiation technology complex were put into operation on the basis of the first in Kazakhstan industrial electron accelerator ELV-4 for the production of foamed polyethylene and insulation material for oil, gas pipelines and housing and communal services. The unique capabilities of the industrial complex made it possible to attract foreign investment and technology into the technopark. According to the plan, in 2010 the implementation of projects for the production of explosives (Ammonit LLP) and the production of radiation-cross-linked connecting sleeves for rolling stock (Dempurg-PNT LLP) will begin.
People were drawn into the city. The population of the city is growing every month. There is an influx of personnel into the nuclear industry. The military contingent is growing, the purpose of which is the protection of strategic facilities and nuclear industry enterprises.
In 2010, it is planned to begin construction of a nuclear power plant in Kurchatov using Japanese technology based on a fourth-generation reactor with a capacity of 600 to 1000 MW.
Today, the experimental field is protected, since it is necessary to control the dangerous territory and the flows of radioactive metal. Lakes located in huge craters from nuclear explosions are also dangerous. Their shores are radioactive. Also under the protection are adits of the Degelen massif, where they conducted underground nuclear tests. A total of 465 nuclear weapons tests were conducted at SINP. Nuclear weapons test sites today attract tourists from various countries: the USA, Japan, Germany, France, China, South Korea, Russia and many others. Hundreds of people annually visit the experimental field of ground and air tests, on which to this day huge concrete structures, where video equipment was located, have been preserved; bomb shelters, various infrastructure facilities; and at the site of the underground tests (Degelen mountain range), international groups of scientists are exploring the cavities of underground explosions. The landfill is turning into the "Big World Laboratory for Radiation Research."
In 2010, it is planned to commission the Kazakhstan thermonuclear materials science reactor Tokamak (KTM).
The average monthly nominal wage at large and medium-sized enterprises of the city of Kurchatov in November 2009 amounted to 78,453 tenge and is the highest in the East Kazakhstan region.
For 12 months of 2009, industrial products worth 1 billion 177 million tenge were produced.
In 2017, the first phase of the physical launch of the Tokamak KTM installation was carried out.