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Tobol river in Kazakhstan and Russia

Traveling along the rivers of Kazakhstan, rafting on the Tobol River -

Tobol is a river in the Irtysh basin.

Geographical location -

It flows through the Kostanay region of Kazakhstan and the Kurgan and Tyumen regions of Russia.

The beginning of the Tobol River -

The Tobol begins from Karaadyr, one of the eastern massifs of the Southern Urals, and flows into the Irtysh.

Tobol River in Kazakhstan.

The length of the territory of Kazakhstan is 800 km, the catchment area is 426 thousand km2, the basin of Kazakhstan is 130 thousand km2. The main branches are Shortandy, Syntasty, Ayet, Ui, Obagan (most of them flow from the left). In the river basin there are Zhaksy Alakol, Zhaman Alakol, Kulikol, Tentexor, Tomarlykol, Tengiz, etc. There are lakes.

Hydrology -

At the beginning it passes through the Turgai Valley. At the moment, the river bed is rocky and there are many reflections in the valley. The valley is very wide, from 2 to 30 km. It is mainly filled with snow (60%) and rainwater. 82.5% of the annual flow occurs in spring, 13.5% in summer - in autumn, 4.0% in winter; The highest level occurs in April-June. The average annual water flow in the Kazakhstan part is 26.2 m3 / s, the average turbidity is 300 g / m3, the mineral content is 500-600 mg / l, in the steppe region - 2000 mg / l. Chlorinated water. The river freezes from November to April; The ice thickness is 70-78 cm. The average summer water temperature is 19-20 ° C, sometimes warming up to 28.2 ° C in July.

Nature -

The pine forest grows on the wide river floodplain of the Tobol River. There are fish in the river. As a result of the development of virgin and fallow lands, this region has become a large grain region with a developed agricultural sector. Reserves of iron ore and coal asbestos were discovered in the depths. The Sokolovo-Sarybay mining and processing plant, the Zhitikarinsky asbestos plant, the Lisakovsky mining and processing plant, etc., which are the country's largest industrial enterprises, are located in the valley. For the efficient use of Tobol water, the Upper Tobol dam, Karatomar, Amangeldy, Zhelkuar, and Kyzylzhar dams were built. The cities of Zhitikara, Lisakovsk, Rudny and Kostanay are located along the river.

Tobol river


Comments 2

  1. Юлич
    Юлич — 24 April 2024 13:46
    Тобол протекает через Курганскую область. Корганской области в России нет!!!
    1. Rinat
      Rinat — 25 April 2024 20:24
      Юлич Здравствуйте. Спасибо за информацию, исправили, теперь все правильно и река Тобол пересекает Курганскую область на территории России.

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