Alakol lake in East Kazakhstan region.
Photo tour to Alakol (lake).
Alakol is a closed lake located in the Almaty and East Kazakhstan regions of Kazakhstan, one of the most amazing lakes in Kazakhstan.
In addition to those who want to improve their health, the region, which covers an area of more than 20 thousand hectares, is also visited by those who like to swim and fish in the unique lake.
Alakol lake-how to get there.
Alakol is a salty and fresh lake located east of the Balkhash-Alakol basin, at the intersection of the borders of the Almaty and East Kazakhstan regions and on the Balkhash-Alakol plain.
In the Middle Ages it was called "Gurgenor", then "Alaktogol", "Alateniz", "Alakta". Alakol is the largest lake of Semirechye after Balkhash. It occupies the northeastern part of the Alakol region. The lake has no current and stretches from northwest to southwest. It is located at an altitude of 247.3 m above sea level. The area of the lake, including the islands, is 2,696 km2, the length is 104 km, the maximum width of the projection is 52 km, the length of the banks is 384 km, the average depth is 22.1 m, the maximum depth is 54 m, the water volume of the lake is 58-60 km3. The catchment area is 47 859 km2. The largest bay of Alakol is the Alakol bay. It is located in a mountain range in the southeast of the lake. More than 15 rivers flow into Alakol.
The banks of the Alakol are mainly composed of various rocks of the Quaternary period (clay, sandy soil, gravel, fine sand). Freezing of water in a lake is different. The small part freezes at the end of November, and the middle part at the beginning of February. Freezing lasts up to 2 months. Alakol water is rich in fluorine and bromine. Reed, sedge, wormwood and others grow on the shore of the lake. Fish of the lake: carp, pike, perch.
The lake is home to many birds (swans, seagulls, etc.). The lake is home to a rare relict gull, listed in the Red Book. Among the animals: muskrats, jungle cats, wild boars, jungle foxes, water mice.
The history of Lake Alakol.
Between the 12th and 19th centuries, it had several names: Turge - Nur (translated from the Mongolian "bridge-lake"), Alaktakol, Alateniz, Alakta. The lake is fed by 15 rivers, the main of which are Urjar, Katynsu, Emelkuisa, Irgaity, Zhamanatkol, and others. Alakol is a very beautiful pothole with a beautiful natural relief. It is distinguished by the Tokta mountain on the western coast, the Barlyk ridge in the east, the Dzhungarskiy Alatau in the southeast, the Tarbagatai ridge on the left, as well as the islands in the middle, which the locals call "Aral Tobe".
Alakol - information for tourists.
In general, Alakol is a freshwater reservoir with a lot of medicinal properties. The dry air of the arid steppe of the Arki mixes with the moist air of the sea surface, which has a positive effect on the people living on the shore. Since the water in the lake is rich in mineral resources, iodine, salt and chemical elements, the health benefits of the water have been proven by medicine. Long ago, Silk Road caravans traveled along the shores of the lake, and its water and air have long been used to treat and heal the sick. In Soviet times, the House of Cosmonauts operated in Alakol. Not only Soviet cosmonauts, but also pilots from other capitalist countries rested on the lake. The lake shore is rich in birds and flora. Phytoplankton Alakol contains 58 species of algae and 80 species of zooplankton.