Lets save the Aral Sea (Aral Sea catastrophe) in Kazakhstan.
Trip to the Aral Sea from the Aralsk city.
The Aral Sea disaster is a serious ecological, socio-economic disaster caused to people, nature, flora and fauna in most of Central Asia and Kazakhstan due to the lowering of the Aral Sea sea level. Over the past 40 years, an increase in the area of irrigated land in the region, an increase in the number of water-intensive enterprises, the emergence of many artificial reservoirs, such as Arnasay, Shardara, Sarykamys, have reduced the area, volume and depth of the Aral Sea.
Aral Sea - what happened.
Humidity decreased (to 9% in summer and autumn), and the number of years and days with dry summers and hot summers (up to 45 ° C in July 1985) and cold winters (up to 47 ° C in 1986) increased. Water used in irrigated fields (mainly cotton and rice) on river banks and in industrial zones is discharged into the Aral Sea and drains 1 billion cubic meters of seabed and leaves tons of toxic sediments. So, as a result of an increase in water salinity, salt deposits formed at the bottom of the water. Toxic sediments (70 million tonnes a year rise from the seabed) have turned into salt dust, poisoning pastures and fields, causing a disaster.
Let's save the Aral Sea.
Valuable fish species (sturgeon, carp, pike, perch, etc.) became extinct. In this regard, coastal fish factories, rural shipping companies, livestock, crop and fish farms, a zoo on Barsakelmes Island, and Vozrozhdenie Island were closed. Hundreds of thousands of people from the Aral Sea region were forced to leave their homes and move to other areas. From space, the "salt cloud" stretching 400 km from the coast has reduced the number of species of plants and animals. Almost all waterfowl that previously lived near the sea died out, as well as some species of animals included in the “Red Book” of Kazakhstan (Italian goose, partridge, island gull, muskrat, etc.). The Aral Sea disaster affected the health of about 60,000 people in the region.
Abandoned ships in the Aral Sea.