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Geography of Kazakhstan - Travel in Central Asia.

Tours and excursions across Kazakhstan.

The Republic of Kazakhstan is located in the central part of the Eurasian continent. The area of the republic is 2724.9 thousand km2. The country accounts for 2% of the world's land area and 5% of the area of Eurasia. It is one of the top ten countries in the world in terms of territory and the largest inland country. It is the ninth largest country in the world. Its total area is 2% of the globe, 6.1% of Asia. It is the fourth largest country on the Eurasian continent after Russia, India and China and the second largest in the CIS after Russia.

Travel by train in Central Asia.

There are more than 48,000 large and small lakes and about 3,000 dams in Kazakhstan. Due to climatic conditions, most of the lakes are located in the north of Kazakhstan. Of these, with the exception of the Caspian Sea, the Aral Sea and large lakes such as Balkhash, Zaysan Alakol, most (94%) have an area of less than one square kilometer. All lakes are closed. Their level changes from time to time: most of the water is salty, so the sediment is salty, from which salt is formed. There are 22 lakes in Kazakhstan with an area of more than 100 square kilometers; they occupy 60% of the total area of the country's lakes.

Jeep tours across Kazakhstan.

In the west of Kazakhstan there are the lower reaches of the Volga, the Caspian and Turan basins, in the east - Gorny Altai, in the north - the West Siberian Plain, in the south - the Kyzyl Kum desert and the Tien Shan mountain range. From west to east - 3000 km, from north to south - 1600 km.
The population of the republic is 17.4 million people. more than a man. The share of the urban population is 56%. The population density of Kazakhstan is 6.6 people per square kilometer.

Physical and geographical position of Kazakhstan.

In terms of physical and geographical location, Kazakhstan is located almost at the same distance from the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, as well as from the Indian and Arctic oceans. Its remoteness from the oceans and the size of its territory make it a unique climate feature. Kazakhstan stretches for 3000 km in the west - from the lower Volga, in the east - to the foothills of the Altai Mountains, in the north - from the West Siberian Plain, in the south - to the Kyzylkum desert and the Tien Shan mountain range.

How to get to Kazakhstan.

The geographic position of the republic determines its natural conditions. Kazakhstan is located in the middle and southern latitudes of the temperate zone. At the same latitudes, Eastern Europe has a temperate continental climate, Western Europe is subtropical, and Kazakhstan is sharply continental. The nature of the territory of Kazakhstan varies from edge to edge.
For example, while apples and apricots are blooming in the southern foothills, there are still cold blizzards in the north of the country. Siberia and Central Asia are found on the territory of Kazakhstan. Depending on the geographical location on the territory of the republic, there are forest-steppe, steppe, desert and semi-desert zones. As the latitude deepens from west to east, deeper inland, the continental climate increases. In the southeastern and eastern mountainous regions of Kazakhstan, there are different altitude zones that complicate the landscape. Depending on the geographic location of Kazakhstan, the change of four seasons is clearly visible in all regions.

Kazakhstan has access to the countries of Azerbaijan and Iran through the Caspian, Azov and Black Seas through the Volga River and the Volga-Don Canal. Most of the land is flat and shallow. This allows the development of a wide variety of economic activities.

Borders of Kazakhstan.

The total length of the border of Kazakhstan is 13,394 km, with the sea (Caspian Sea) over 2,000 km. Kazakhstan borders with Russia in the west, north-west and north for 7,591 km. The eastern border of the republic, stretching from Altai to Tien Shan (Khan-Tengri massif) for 1782 km, corresponds to the state border with the People's Republic of China. In the south, it borders on independent states: Turkmenistan - 426 km, Uzbekistan - 2354 km and Kyrgyzstan - 1241 km. Borders of the republic: in the west - a part of the Caspian Sea basin and General Syrt plateau, in the north - south of the West Siberian Plain; in the south passes the Turan depression, and in the east and southeast it crosses the western part of the Altai, Sauyr, Tarbagatai ridges, the main part of the Zhetysu (Dzhungar) Alatau and the northern ridges of the Tien Shan.

History of Geographical Research in Kazakhstan.

Herodotus (5th century BC) described the Caspian Sea as a closed basin with an endless plain to the east. In his works, he gave information about the rivers Ural, Zhem and Volga.

The Great Silk Road in Kazakhstan.

The beginning of the Great Silk Road began in the Yellow River Valley in China. It crosses the western outskirts of Greater China and reaches Lake Issyk-Kul near the Ili River. In the meantime, the road will fork south and north, west and northwest. The southern route leads to Fergana, Samarkand, Iraq, Iran, Syria and the Mediterranean Sea. The northern route went to Ispidzhab (Sairam) in South Kazakhstan and was divided into two branches. One went to Central Asia, the other through Turkestan to the lower reaches of the Syr Darya to western Kazakhstan and to Europe. The trading cities of South Kazakhstan are Suyab, Kulan, Taraz, Otyrar, Balasagun, Sairam, Sauran.

Geography of Kazakhstan.


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