Shalkar lake in West Kazakhstan region, Republic of Kazakhstan.
Tour and excursion from Uralsk to Shalkar Lake.
Rest on the Shalkar lake, Western Kazakhstan.
The area of Lake Shalkar is 205.8 km2, length is 18.4 km, the largest area is 14.7 km. The pit is clearly formed. The banks are gentle in the northern and southwestern parts, the rest is rocky, 3-10 m high. The rivers Sholakankaty (Shalkarkaty) and Esenakkaty flow into the river, and when the water level rises to 15.5 m, the Solyanka River flows out of the lake.
Lake Shalkar - how to get there.
Lake Shalkar is located in the Terektinsky district of the West Kazakhstan region. Height above sea level 16.7 m. Lake Shalkar belongs to the basin of the Urals River. The distance from the city of Uralsk to the lake is 75 kilometers, the direction is southeast. Local residents also call Shalkar "Little Sea". The lake is home to swans, geese, ducks, flamingos, seagulls and osprey. On the lake livestock and fish are watered.
Lake Shalkar - information for tourists.
On windy days, the surface of the water is covered with white undulating waves, and its noise resembles a real sea. The water of Lake Shalkar belongs to the saline sodium chloride mineral waters. The water contains hydrochloric acid, calcium bicarbonate, magnesium and other important minerals. This means that in composition it is similar to sea water, and its ecological state contributes to the health of vacationers.
Lake Shalkar - history.
Lake Shalkar is one of the oldest monuments in the Ural region. The lake has a special ecological, scientific, cultural, recreational and aesthetic value. The deepest and largest body of water in the West Kazakhstan region. This natural body of water is considered very old, and the date of its formation remains controversial. However, one "version" is more attractive. The lake is a suffix of the former Khvalynsk Sea, which was extracted from the Caspian Sea a thousand years ago, and therefore in prehistoric times this sea was the aforementioned sea on the site of the entire modern Caspian basin. Lake Shalkar has long attracted attention, on its shores lived the Oguzes and Pechenegs, and later - the Kipchaks and Turkic tribes - the ancestors of the Kazakh people.
This is evidenced by the works of the Arab scientist-merchant Ahmed ibn Fadlan about his visit to the Volga Bulgaria in 921-922. Describing the path from Khorezm to Bulgaria, Ahmed Ibn-Fadlan paid great attention to the paleography of the Eurasian core in the early Middle Ages. In his stories about the settlement of the Oguz and Pechenegs in the area of Lake Shalkar, he partially describes the rivers flowing into the lake: Shamar, Ankots, Vabna (Small Ankats) and described them as “all big rivers”.
In the 10th century, there were settlements and cities around Lake Shalkar. At various times, merchants and missionaries were guests. The lake was rich in flora and fauna. This is evidenced by archaeological excavations carried out in 1968-1970 and 2002-2003.
At the suggestion of the Geographical Society in 1952, under the leadership of Academician K.M.Bair, an expedition was organized to study the ichthyofauna and the state of the fishing industry (Bayer, 1860). Baird's assistant on the expedition, N. Ya. Danilevsky, came to Lake Shalkar, described its morphology, soil composition, depth, and drew up a schematic plan of the water. He also gave some information about the ichthyofauna (Danilevsky, 1853). As one of the prerequisites for maintaining the efficiency of fish farming, N. Danilevsky defined the stability of the water system: "It reduces the flow of fresh water, deteriorates its quality, changes the inviolability of the bottom, destroys aquatic plants, and can destroy the wealth of the entire basin."
ON. Borodin is our compatriot, was born in 1861 in Uralsk. He graduated from the Ural Military Gymnasium with a gold medal and entered the St. Petersburg University. naturalist, later Soviet scientist, professor at Harvard and Cambridge Universities. For many years he was engaged in fish farming, including sturgeon breeding on Lake Shalkar and the Solyanka River. It contains the first descriptions of herring and trout. Based on the study of the hydrofauna of Lake Shalkar, scientists suggested that, according to the genesis of the lake, the residual reservoir of the Ponto-Caspian reservoir is a relic of the previous geological era.