Causes of the drying up of the Aral Sea
Big and Small Aral Sea
Drive from Nukus to Beineu
The Aral Sea or Aral was included in the list of one of the largest bodies of water in the world until a certain time. The area of the Aral Sea was previously 65,000 square kilometers, the length of the sea was 430 kilometers and the width of 280 kilometers. From 1960 to 1980, the water in the sea began to leave and the sea began to sharply shallow, which led to the division of the sea into the Small Aral Sea and the Big Aral Sea. This has become an ecological disaster for the region. The sea began to dry up, the salt remained on the surface and began to be carried by the wind across the region, which also had a very negative effect on this region and its inhabitants.
Possible reasons for the drying up of the Aral Sea
It has not been possible to determine the exact cause of the drying out, but a lot of scientific research has been done on this matter. One of the main reasons for the drying up of the Aral Sea is considered to be the withdrawal of water for irrigation from the Syr Darya and Amu Darya rivers, which fed the sea. Water intake was carried out both on the territory of Kazakhstan and on the territory of Uzbekistan for irrigation of cotton fields on its territory. According to ancient medieval sources, there are references to the fact that the Aral Sea dried up earlier. Due to the drying up of the sea, the Aralkum desert appeared.
Revival of the Aral Sea - save Aral Sea
In 2009, scientific groups found that the drying up of the Aral Sea stopped and the sea began to increase, but very slowly. This is how a fund was created to save the Aral Sea and money was allocated to save the Aral Sea.
The Aral Sea is where water used to be