Ayagoz city - East Kazakhstan region.
Culture and adventure tours Ayagoz city - East Kazakhstan region.
Ayagoz formerly Ayaguz, Sergiopol, Sergiopol stanitsa is a city of regional subordination in the East Kazakhstan region of Kazakhstan, the administrative center of Ayagoz district.
Located in eastern Kazakhstan, on both banks of the Ayaguz River. It is of strategic importance, several military garrisons and a complex of missile and tank air defense forces are deployed in the city. It is a major transportation hub of the republic. Large junction of the Turkestan-Siberian Railway, fork in the republican roads: Almaty - Ust-Kamenogorsk, Karaganda - Ayagoz - Bogaz. Above the city is the intersection of several international air routes.
The modern name of the city comes from the name of the Ayagoz River flowing through it. The name of the river, according to scientists, comes from the Turkic tribal name ay and the ancient Türkic uguz “river”, that is, “river of the genus ay” according to popular folk etymology, the name of the river and city comes from the Turkic ay - “beautiful” and goz / goats - “eyes ".
The decree of the head of the Semipalatinsk regional administration of September 1, 1994 changed the transcription of Ayaguz to Ayagoz.
First mention Ayagoz.
The first mentions date back to the 16th – 17th centuries; it is believed that “Kazakh Romeo and Juliet” - “Goats Korpesh - Bayan Sulu” lived in this region. The city was founded in 1831 by a graduate of the Omsk Cossack Military School Sergei Lukin. Since 1847 - the village of Ayaguz.
In 1831-1860, it was a district city and was called Ayaguz along the river of the same name. After 1860, it was a rural settlement and was called Sergiopol, the Sergiopol village of Lepsinsky district, first of Semipalatinsk, then of Semirechensk region. Now on the site of Sergiopol is a suburban village, formerly called Sergiopol, and during the period of independence of Kazakhstan was renamed Mamyrsu. The modern city arose near this village in 1931 as a substation village, in connection with the construction of the Turkestan-Siberian Railway, in 1939 it received the status of a city and the name Ayaguz, which it retained until the collapse of the Soviet Union, then officially in independent Kazakhstan renamed Ayagoz (transliteration of the Kazakh name “Ayaguz”).
Soviet period Ayagoz city.
The paved railway gave a start to the rapid development of the city. A telegraph was built in the city, the first schools, the population gradually began to increase; the reason for this was the same railway: the construction of enterprises serving steam and diesel locomotives provided people with permanent jobs, and young people from nearby villages and towns arrived in the city. Conditions were created for the modern city: the Ayaguz meat-packing plant, known throughout the USSR, was opened, followed by the creamery and wool spinning factory, and raw materials from nearby auls and villages were delivered to plants and factories. Half of these products were exported to other regions of the USSR. Then a pimokatny factory for the production of felt boots was built (felt boots to the east of the Urals are called “pyms”), a reinforced concrete products plant, and a brewery. Later, a large military garrison was deployed in the city. Since the 1970s, the city reached its peak of development, active construction began in Ayaguz, a master plan for the development of the city was developed, but the collapse of the Soviet Union prevented the implementation of plans.
In the city was the Eastern garrison of the USSR Armed Forces.
The city of Ayagoz is located in the extreme southeast of the Saryarka steppe and in the southern part of the East Kazakhstan region. The city is located in a semi-desert natural zone on both banks of the Ayagoz River of the same name flowing through the city. Altitude is 654 meters. The height difference in the city is small, the highest point is on the edge of the city, and the lowest point is the water edge of the Ayagoz River under the railway bridge. The orography of the city is diverse: from the north, the city is located in a certain lowering of relief. From the south, the city is surrounded by hills, and to enter the city, you need to go through winding roads that pass between the hills. If you approach from the east, the city seems lower, because it is from the east that the Ayagoz River flows. The lowest terrain is the west, from which, accordingly, a river flows; in the west, the mountainous area that rarely occurs here begins; here the mountains are higher than the hills usual for the surrounding area.
The city of Ayagoz, like the entire East Kazakhstan region, is in the UTC + 6 time zone. Since 2004, daylight saving time has been canceled in Kazakhstan.
The climate of the region is sharply continental, which is associated with the greatest distance on the mainland from the oceans and causes large amplitudes in the annual and diurnal temperature variations. The territory of the region is open to the Arctic basin, however, it is isolated by Asian mountain systems from the influence of the Indian Ocean.
Ayagoz is an important automobile, railway and air hub in Kazakhstan.
3 bridges pass through the Ayagoz River: 1 railway, 2 automobile (one of them is called "new").
Roads and ways Ayagoz.
The city is located on a fork in republican roads: the A-350 Almaty-Ust-Kamenogorsk highway runs from south to north, and the A-345 Karaganda-Ayagoz-Bogaz highway from west to east. Thousands of cars drive through the city daily. The city is connected by bus with other regions of Kazakhstan (Pavlodar, Almaty) and the cities of Almaty, Ust-Kamenogorsk, Semey, Pavlodar, as well as villages and districts of the East Kazakhstan region. City transport is represented by buses, in the city there are only 14 shuttle buses.
The city has a large railway station at the Turksib railway junction. The city has 2 large locomotive depots in which locomotives and railway enterprises are being repaired.
The airport is located on the outskirts of the city: Ayagoz airdrome class 2.
The city is divided in half by the large railway junction of the Turksib highway, its left side is the main one, and the right side is the so-called “Behind the Line”. The city is usually divided into quarters: 1, 2, 3, 4 quarters behind the line, and the rest, including the 7th (largest), are located on the main part of the city. Microdistricts: Central, 7th, Northern, Southern, Meat Processing Plant, Ayagozstroy and other smaller ones. In the south is the military garrison of Ayagoz and the military town of Yuzhny, there is a closed town, training ground and airport.
The city of Ayagoz was a strategically important city during the Soviet Union and remains in the Republic of Kazakhstan. This is due to the fact that the city is located in eastern Kazakhstan in relative proximity to the border of the People’s Republic of China, which posed a danger in the Soviet period, and in this regard, the city of Ayagoz was chosen to host a powerful garrison.
In the city itself there are 12 educational institutions: of which 10 schools, 1 art school, and in the city there is one of three in the area of orphanages for children with disabilities.
Historical and cultural heritage Ayagoz.
1. Mazar Kozy Korpesh - Bayan Sulu is an architectural monument of the 10th-11th centuries Located on the right bank of the Ayagoz River, near the village of Tarlauli, Ayagoz District. Mazar, associated with the names of the heroes of the lyric-epic poem, is one of the oldest monuments in Kazakhstan.
2. The monument of Baigar Kuttybayuly bi - is located in the village of Saryarka, Ayagoz district, East Kazakhstan region.
3. Aktailak Biya Mausoleum - an architectural monument of the 18th century. Located 55 km northeast of the city of Ayagoz. Installed on the grave of the famous poet of the middle zhuz Aktaylak. The mausoleum is surrounded by a fence built of raw brick and stones.
4. Mausoleum of Sultan Barak Soltybaiuly (unknown year of birth - 1865). Descendant of the Sultan Abilpeiz. Born in a place near Ayagoz. The Polish traveler Yanushkevich in his notes describes Barak as smart, good-natured, courageous, compares him with the steppe Hercules.
5. Mausoleum of Biya Zhobalai Bayseytuly [kk] (1730-1818). Located in the East Kazakhstan region, Ayagoz region, the village of Madeniet.
6. Mausoleum of Shakantai Batyr Zhaugasharuli (1706-1791). The father of Shakantay Jaugashar, his real name Alshan, was rich. He died when Shakantay was seven years old. According to the information that has reached us, Shakantai, Karakerey, Kabanbay together with Kerey Yer Zhanibek participated in several battles. He fought in the 18th century against the Dzungars. Shakantay Mausoleum is located in the village of Kosagash, Ayagoz District, East Kazakhstan Region.
7. The mausoleum of Zhanazar Batyr (1720-1779). The commander who stirrups about stirrups fought along with Abylay Khan. Zhanazar batyr, along with his brothers Ernazar batyr and Kunazar batyr, won numerous victories over enemies. He participated in the battles for the city of Maverannahr and for the vast territory between the Irtysh and the Volga and also for Ustyurt and Mangistau. Zhanazar Batyr spent 30 years of his life in the saddle defending the land of his ancestors. A mausoleum with a height of 6 m and an area of 8 × 8 m, as well as a place for prayers 3 × 5 m of white marble, is located at the junction of the borders of the Shubartau and Tokyrauynsky bolsov, 7 km to the Espe river which flows at the foot of Mount Bektau-Ata, exit to the right to the southeast on 41 km of the Balkhash - Karaganda highway. Materials for the mausoleum were delivered from the Magistau region, Aktau and Zhanaozen. An outstanding figure of that time and a friend of Zhanazar Batyr, Omirzak Baba, also lies in the mausoleum.
8. Arip Tanirbergenov's mausoleum was restored in 2006 in the village of Mailino, Ayagoz district, East Kazakhstan region. Arip Tanirbergenuly was born in 1856 in the Ayaguz district of East Kazakhstan. His real name is Muhamedkarim. His father, Ali Tanirbergen, was a poor man. Ayazhan's mother was a witty woman in the past. Among the students of Abay, Arip Tanirbergenov was the most talented poet.