Mugodzhary mountains and hills in Aktobe region, Kazakhstan.
Travels in the Aktobe region to the Mugodzhary mountains.
The Mugodzhary Mountains are the southern continuation of Uralsk city.
Mugodzhary Mountains - geographical location.
The Mugodzhary mountains are located in the Aktobe region. The length from north to south is 400 km. The width is about 200 km. The average height is 300 m, the highest point is Mount Bolshoi Boktybai (657 m).
Mugodzhary mountains information for tourists.
The Mugodzhary Mountains begin in the north in the form of a thin curl and are further divided into two rows of adjacent rows. Between them is a slightly concave depression (15-20 km wide). The ridges are interconnected in some places by a system of hills. The mountains are represented by Precambrian and Paleozoic quartzites, crystalline schists, gneisses, granites, etc.
Mugodzhary mountains territory.
The Western Mugajar, or Main Ridge, joins together to form a chain of separate ridges stretching towards the meridian. The southern part of the mountains is high and heavily cut. The eastern Mugajar mountains are low, in the form of a series of flat hills. The northern part has a pronounced mountainous character, gradually descending to the south and turns into a low hill, slightly rising above the surrounding plain. The Mugajar Mountains do not exceed 250 m in height. The Mugajar Mountains form a watershed between the branches of the Irgiz River and the Or River.
Mugodzhary mountains - climate.
The climate is sharply continental, winters are cold, the snow cover is thin. The average January temperature is -15 - 18 ° C. Summers are hot and dry, the average July temperature is 21-25 ° C. The annual precipitation is 200-250 mm.
Mugodzhary mountains - mineral resources.
Deposits of copper, nickel, manganese, rare metals, phosphorites and coal have been explored in the Mugajar mountains.
Mugodzhary mountains - soil, vegetation.
In the gravelly steppe of the northern part, gray alfalfa grows. To the south, the family of cereals passes into the wormwood desert (alfalfa, wormwood, etc.). Birch, aspen, willow, maple are occasionally found in ravines. The area is unsuitable for cultivation due to the hard rocks rising to the surface. The land suitable for agriculture is found only in the valleys. There is a lot of groundwater.
The western part of Mount Mugajari is a gravelly, light dark brown soil with gray, alfalfa and sedge. Here you can find ponds and hollows. It grows mainly wormwood, sorrel. Plants belonging to the group of white and black wormwood are found in depressions with a strong relief. On the upper slopes of the ravines, carob, birch, bird cherry and various shrubs grow, along the rivers poplar, birch, oak, willow.
The dark brown soil forms in the dry steppes of small hills. The terrain is covered with vegetation typical of the steppe and desert zones. Part of the western slope of Mugajara is used for agriculture, while the eastern part is suitable only for grazing.
Mugodzhary mountains - fauna.
The fauna is also represented by steppe, desert and semi-desert animals. Saigas, wild boars, rabbits, corsacs, wolves, foxes, squirrels and voles live in the steppes and mountain valleys. Swans, geese, ducks are found in rivers and lakes.