City tour to Kyzylorda city, Kyzylorda region in Kazakhstan
Kyzylorda is a city in south-central Kazakhstan, capital of Kyzylorda Region and former capital of the Kazak ASSR from 1925 to 1929. It historically developed around the Syr Darya River and the site of a Kokand fortress.
Breakfast at the hotel. Excursion in Kyzylorda city: visiting main city square Tangizim, Sir Ana monument, Syrdariya river side, Second world war monument, the Aitbai Mosque, 1878, St. Kazan Cathedral of the Icon of the Mother of God, 1896, the building of the railway station built in 1905, lunch at the local restaurant, continue city tour, monument of Korkyt-Ata, The mosque "Akmeshet", monument to Jalanthus Bakhadir - emir of Samarkand, monument to Koblandy batyr The monument of Bukharbai batyr, back to hotel, dinner and overnight.
Kyzylorda (until June 17, 1997 Kyzyl-Orda, Kzyl-Orda, Perovsk, Ak-Mosque, Kyzylorda (inf.)) Is a city in Kazakhstan, the administrative center of the Kyzylorda region.
The population is 270 thousand inhabitants (2015) , with the adjacent villages and villages there are 380 thousand inhabitants (2015).
The city was founded in 1820 under the name Ak-Mosque - as a fortress of the Kazakh Khanate. It is located on both banks of the Syr Darya, 830 km to the south-west from Astana. Railway station, airport. The administration of the city is subordinated to the settlements of Tasboget, Belkol and Kyzylzharma.
In 1925-1929  - the capital of the Kazakh ASSR in the USSR.
The city stretches for more than 10 km along the Syr Darya (the water is about 123 m above sea level, the width of the river is 150-200 m, the depth is 2-5 m) and is located on a subhorizontal accumulative plain with absolute elevations of 125-135 m; Along the banks of the river, the height of the cliffs reaches 5-7 m.
The entire territory is occupied by the valley of the Syr Darya River; A non-navigable river, with a large number of branches and ducts (both natural and artificial, many of which are regulated and actively used for irrigation of fields) and adjacent sandy areas and takyrs.
The river is rich in fish. The bed of the river is unstable, often moving, forming new channels and old lakes, filled with spring water and drying at the end of summer. Flooding lasts from September to March. The river freezes in December, it is opened in February-March.
A significant part of the surrounding city is occupied with rice crops (flooded with water). From the east and south at a distance from the city of 1-5 km there are separate massifs of ridge-hummocky fixed sand (the height of the ridges is 2-8 m).
The climate is sharply continental, with low precipitation (especially in summer), a large number of sunny days; Summer is long and hot, the winter is rather frosty and with strong winds (snow cover is low, many winters with frequent thaws - unstable).
In the floodplain of the river and on the islands there are thickets of thorny bushes and trees 3-7 m high (tugai), there are significant areas of meadow vegetation. In the depressions flooded with waste waters from rice fields, along the channel, irrigation canals and canals, the reeds as high as 5 m are abundant. Desert vegetation is represented by bushes (tamarisk, juzgun) up to 2 m high, semi-shrubs (bogyach, biyurgun, wormwood) 0.5 m and herbs (camel thorns). The grassy cover in the desert is sparse, green only happens in the spring, by the beginning of June the grass burns out.
The city is poorly landscaped - mostly the grass cover is insignificant, there are a large number of trees (karagach, poplar, ash, jida, tamarisk, willow, apricot, cherry, peach, pear) 3-10 m high; In summer, green plantings are irrigated by means of stationary irrigation systems (cascade of pipes) and water ditches (irrigation ditches).