Ili river - Almaty region, Kazakhstan.
Day tour to Ili river.
Ili river - the name of the river of Mongolian origin and means "sparkling" "flickering" - the largest of the flowing into Lake Balkhash. In size, it takes the third place among all the rivers of Central Asia. The length of the river (from the source of Tekes) is 1439 km, of which 746 km belong to the territory of Kazakhstan. The pool area is 140,000 sq. Km. On this area, there are 853 watercourses with a length of more than 10 km. Many of them feed on glaciers and snows. Most of all, Ili takes the tributaries to the left. The largest of them are Sharyn, Shelek, Turgen, Talgar, Kaskelen, Kurt, right - Khorgos, Usek, Kok - Terek.
History Ili river.
The development and study of the Ili River began in the 40s-50s. XIX century. However, small historical information about it slipped in ancient sources much earlier. For example, in IX in the work of an unknown geographer "Khudut al - alem" ("The Frontiers of the World"). In the report of Paolo Carpini (1246) there is a mention of the crossing of Ili. Monk Guillaume Rubruck writes in more detail about it (1263): “We drove into the mountains on which the karakitai live, and found a large river through which we were to cross on a ship.” The first attempt to navigate Ili to Lake Balkhash was made in April 1854, when the three-masted sailing ship Saint Nicholas, passing 355 miles from the mouth of the river, delivered cargo to the Ili picket. (now the city of Kapchagai). And in March 1883, under the guidance of engineer I.I. Poklevsky was launched the ship "G.M. Kolpakovsky "on the water. But since 1885, for various reasons, navigation on the river was discontinued until the twenties of the twentieth century.
Flora Ili river.
The main vegetation in the floodplain of Ili are thickets of reeds, reeds, sedges. Reed is found everywhere and grows on any soil, even in salt water. Tugai forests, consisting mainly of willow and sucker (jidis), exist on islands, lower terraces of the river and are flooded with flood waters. In the heat, in contrast to this, high air dryness is felt. No wonder the Kazakhs say: “With tight legs in the water, and his head on fire.” On the banks of the river there are many birds - gulls, cormorants, even pelicans and swans. In tugai and reed beds are pheasants, wild boars, roe deer, hares. There are also predators such as a wolf, a reed cat, a fox. Of the birds - looney, hawks. In the river delta from 1928 to 1935 Six tigers were caught. I. Of course, in Or an abundance of fish. The most popular among fishermen are catfish, carp, pikeperch, grass carp, breams.
Property Location Ili river.
The Ili River attracts many tourists: near Almaty, beautiful fields of the road (Almaty-Bakanas highway) - and at the same time, the absence of large cities, industrial enterprises, and a weak population along its course. Two large settlements - Kapshagai, Bakanas are either the starting or ending points of water routes, because most trips start from the dam area of the Kapshagai hydroelectric station and end in the village of Bakanas or the village of Akkol. From here begin more complex, long and interesting trips to the Ili delta. The river also crosses the settlements of Karaozek and Kuygan. On the river itself, regattas and rafting are held annually. Tourists rafting along the channels of Kogaly - Iir. The Topar channels (Suminka, Topar II) depart from Ili in the area of the 6th fishing station and, until the Zhideli was formed, had great water and depth, which allows boats and barges to pass to this day. Often groups of tourists travel from Dubunskaya Marina or from the lower part of the Shary River (from the ash grove region) to Kapshagai, passing the last section of the route along the Kapshagai reservoir.
Security Ili river.
Currently, the coast and the river itself are protected by rangers and fishing inspectors.
Acoustic environment Ili river.
Favorable acoustic environment (silence, melodic sounds in nature)
Degree of organization Ili river.
In the Ili Delta, world fishing championships were organized. In early May, annually in the tract Tamgaly - tas the festival of the author's song "Purple Wind" takes place. Various rafting and regattas are regularly held on the river. Along the banks of the river there are deified parking for tourists - rafts. In the settlements along the river bed there are guest houses of various comforts
Legends Ili river.
The wizard Balkhash had a beautiful daughter - Ili. Her suitors - rich, bais and khans began to woo, but the girl did not want to marry any of them. All of them seemed to her unworthy of her beauty. Then Balkhash decided to arrange competitions for the suitors. “Whoever turns out to be the smartest, most dexterous and strong will receive Or as a wife,” the wizard announced. The glory of Eli went all over the steppe. A long time ago I heard about her and the young Karatal. Zhigit was very poor. But he had a couple of beautiful horses, was distinguished by dexterity, courage and strength. The karatal also went to the wizard's palace to try his luck. Balkhash did not want to talk with the poor zhigit. But or fell in love with him at first sight. She begged her father to allow Karatal to take part in the competitions of the suitors.
Karatal won the fight at the races of young princes and khans. However, Balkhash did not keep his word. He refused to have a poor son-in-law’s son-in-law. The beautiful woman cried all day, and at night Karatal secretly came to her and suggested: “If you love me, we run.” Or gladly agreed. That same night they sped off on the horses of Karatal. Balkhash learned about their flight. In an angry voice that sounded stronger than thunder across the steppe, he ordered the fugitives to stop. But Eli and Karatal did not want to return. She raced to the native village of Karatal. Then the wizard was transferred to the steppe and at the feet of the fugitives horses turned into a huge lake. Since then it began to be called his name - Balkhash. Or the wizard turned Karatal into turbulent rivers that flow into the lake in various places. For many centuries they have been seething and worried, in vain trying to merge together.