Katon-Karagay district in East Kazakhstan region.
Tourist service in Katon Karagay district and region.
Katon-Karagay district is a second level administrative-territorial unit in the east of the East Kazakhstan region in Kazakhstan. The administrative center of the district is the village of Ulken Naryn.
The district occupies the north-eastern part of the region. The extreme eastern point of the country. In the north and north-east, the region borders on the Ust-Koksinsky and Kosh-Agachsky districts of the Altai Republic of the Russian Federation, in the southeast with the Altai okrug of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China, in the south with the Kursimsky district, in the northwest with Zyryanovsky district, in the west the region is washed by the waters of the Bukhtarma reservoir, through which it borders with the Kokpektinsky district.
According to agro-climatic conditions, the Katon-Karagai region is located in the mountain and foothill zones and alpine zones with a sharply continental climate, characterized by severe long winters, short hot summers and transient spring and autumn. The territory of the district is clearly divided into four climatic zones:
1. Alpine (tundra-meadow)
2. Mountain-forest, excessively wet
3. Mountain, forest-steppe wet
4. Mountain steppe
How to visit Katon-Karagay.
The climate of the mountainous and mountainous forest zone is very humid, moderately cold, and in some places very cold.
The relief of the region is mountainous (the Narymsky, Sarymsakty, Tarbagatai, Southern Altai, Listvyaga, Katunsky ranges).
Wormwood, feather grass, fescue, talnik, aspen, birch, larch, fir, spruce grow. The wolf, fox, brown bear, badger, red deer, roe deer live; partridge, capercaillie, cupcake are found. The Katon-Karagai State National Natural Park is located in the area.
Tourist information Katon-Karagay.
The area is rich in water resources. The largest rivers are the Irtysh with its tributaries Bukhtarma and Narym. On the Irtysh - Bukhtarma reservoir. There are waterfalls on the mountain rivers, the largest - Kokkol, about 80 m high in the lower reaches of the Bolshoi Kokkol River (the left tributary of the Belaya Berel). There are about 400 lakes in the region, most of them with a water mirror area of up to one km², the largest of the lakes is Bukhtarminsky. On the slopes and at the foot of the mountains there are many salty and mineral springs (for example, the thermal springs Rakhmanovsky Klyuchi).
In the bowels of the explored reserves of non-ferrous and rare metals, building materials.
The Narym River Valley has historically been inhabited by people known for their pinto horses, ala-at, or alat, in the Chinese annals of the "boma". Abulgazi wrote that their big city is called Alachin, it is surrounded by many smaller cities, and is located at the mouth of the Narym river, when it flows into a bitter lake. Alat horses, legendary in their suit for two millennia, are described by Abulgazi as very tall, the one-year-old foal is as large as a three-year-old horse. Alat were notable for their wealth, there were silver mines near Alachin, "everyone has a lot of silver utensils." In the XVIIth century, the Alates, together with other tribal tribes, escaped from mass destruction by the Oirats by passing under Russian citizenship and patronage (1756), allowing the 5% remainder of their population to survive.
In the XIX century, the territory was part of the Altai mountain district of the Tomsk province, the main population was Russian immigrants (Cossacks), who mastered the grain-growing expanses of Altai.
Katon-Karagai district as part of the Semipalatinsk district was formed on August 1, 1928. On September 20, 1929, the territory of the abolished Chinguistai District was annexed to the Katon-Karagai region. In 1932, the Katon-Karagai region became part of the East Kazak region.