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Turkestan region

Travel to the regions of KazakhstanExcursion to the Turkestan region from Almaty

Turkestan region (1992-2018 South Kazakhstan region and 1963-1992 Shymkent region) is an area in the south of Kazakhstan. It was founded on March 10, 1932. In 2018, the administrative center was transferred from Shymkent to Turkestan; Shymkent received the status of a city of republican significance and was withdrawn from the South Kazakhstan region. It borders Ulytau in the north, Zhambyl in the east, Kyzylorda regions in the West, and the Republic of Uzbekistan in the south.


The relief of the Turkestan region is mainly flat (the average height is 200 – 500 m). In the north, there are the southwest of the rocky-clay desert of Betpakdala, the Ashchykol depression, the Zhon Togyzkentau, the lower course of the Shu River and the western part of the sandy valley of Moynkum. The central part of the region is divided into two parts by the Karatau ridge from northwest to southeast. Its highest point is Mount Bessaz (Mynzhylky) (2176 m). Boraldai ridge (1400 - 1600 m) is located in the south–east of Karatau. The south-east of the region's lands includes the spurs of the Western Tien Shan (Ugam ridge), Karzhantau (2800-2900 m), the Kazygurt Mountains (1700 m), the western spurs of the Talas Alatau - the Maly Aksu Mountains (2577 m), Alatau (3137 m). The highest point of the region is Sairam Peak (4299 m). In the southwest -Kyzylkum sand, Mount Karaktau (388 m), in the south-Shardara steppe, Kainakuduk sand, Dynbai Molda ridges (321 m), Beltau (592 m), in the extreme south-Myrzashol.

Geology, climate, hydrography, soils

Most of the region's lands are part of the Turan Plate. The geological structure is formed mainly by Cambrian, Devonian, carboniferous rocks (shale, sandstone, limestone), the mountainous part is Lower Paleozoic rocks (sandstone, granite, conglomerate, the depressions between the ridges are filled with reddish deposits of Devonian).

The climate of the region is continental. Winters are short, mild, the snow cover is thin, unstable. The average annual temperature in January in the north is 7-9 ° C, on the right - 2-4 ° C. summer is long, hot, arid and legendary.

Rivers in the region are unevenly distributed. The Syrdarya River flows from the south to the northwest of the Turkestan region. The rivers Arys (378 km), Keles (241 km), Kurkeles (98 km) flow into the Syr Darya.

In the flat part of the region, the soil cover consists of gray, saline, pale gray, sandy, sandy-sandy soils. Meadow, mountain-maroon soils are common in the foothills. Vegetation typical of the desert belt is mainly formed.

Turkestan region in Kazakhstan


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